[E] indicates this entry was also found in Easton's Bible Dictionary In the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Book of Job (c. 6th century BCE? In the Hebrew Bible/Old Testament Book of Job (c. 6th century BCE? Controlling his disturbance, he then harangues Job about the evanescence of the evil man’s pleasure. Updates? chirping, one of Job's friends who came to condole with him in his distress ( Job 2:11.The LXX. Zophar. Like the other two comforters, Bildad and Eliphaz, Zophar emphasizes an old Hebrew concept—suffering is the inevitable lot of the evil man; therefore, Job’s protests of innocence are deceptive, even sinful. We read of Zophar the Naamathite, Job 2: 11. Zophar, also spelled Sophar, in the Book of Job (2:11, 11:1, 20:1, 42:9), one of the three comforters of Job, a biblical archetype of the good man whose misfortunes are undeserved. For full treatment, see biblical literature. Hebrew Bible, collection of writings that was first compiled and preserved as the sacred books of the Jewish people. He is the most impetuous and dogmatic of the three. 15:41) had a name suggestive of his manner. Zophar the Naamathite is the symbol of human merit or moral law. Like the other two comforters, Bildad and Eliphaz, Zophar emphasizes an old Hebrew concept—suffering is the inevitable lot of the evil man; therefore, Job’s protests of innocence are deceptive, even sinful. Of all forms of dogmatism this is most irreverent, and least open to reason.” Self-effort or human merit can never satisfy God or produce a rightousness pleasing to Him. His first speech to Job (11:1) stresses three ideas: God’s infinite transcendence; the need for Job to repent of the sins he denies having committed, so that God will restore his good fortune; and the ineluctable destruction of the wicked. Job’s cries for his friends’ mercy and the force of some of his arguments have upset Zophar. Zophar last appears in verse 9, where we find him offering the sacrifices God had required: “So Eliphaz the Temanite and Bildad the Shuhite and Zophar the Naamathite went and did what the LORD had told them.” Despite his bad advice and his inaccurate portrayal of God, Zophar repented when rebuked by God and was forgiven. His comments can be found in Job chapter 11 and 20. It comes from a root meaning “to twitter,” and one of his faults was he dealt with profound things in a more lighthearted, flippant way than his two companions. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Zophar, McClintock and Strong Biblical Cyclopedia - Zophar. With forcible language, Zophar declared that suffering is judgment warning the sinner to repent and escape heavier punishment. ). A Naamathite, third in order of Job’s friends (Job 2:11; 11:1; 20:1; 42:9). Dr. C. I. Scofield says that “Zophar was a religious dogmatist who assumes to know all about God: what God will do in any given case, why He will do it, and all His thoughts about it. Fretelius says there was a Naamath in Uz. (But as Uz was in Arabia, probably the Naamah where he lived was on the Arabian borders of Syria.) Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). The word is derived from the same root as Naaman, and of the same meaning, beautiful. There's only one Zophar in the Bible. His comments can be found in Job chapter 11 and 20. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Is the literacy rate in Afghanistan very high? ), Zophar (Hebrew: צוֹפַר "Chirping; rising early", Standard Hebrew Tsofar, Tiberian Hebrew Ṣôp̄ar; also Tzofar) the Naamathite is one of the three friends of Job who visits to comfort him during his illness. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The three friends of Job represent three ways of solving the mysterious problems of divine government in the affairs of men. Zophar was a religious dogmatist, resorting to rigorous legal and religious methods (Job 11:3-20). Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. His dogmatism, however, rested upon what he thought he knew. render here "king of the Mineans" = Ma'in, Maonites, Judges 10:12, in Southern Arabia).He is called a Naamathite, or an inhabitant of some unknown place called Naamah. , Learn how and when to remove this template message, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Zophar&oldid=958127999, Articles needing additional references from September 2012, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 May 2020, at 02:28. Omissions? Described in the Septuagint as “King of the Minaeans.”. The name Naamathite looks like an ethnonym, which is a word that describes where someone is from. If Job would only turn from his sin and sincerely repent, then God would pardon and restore him. In 2:11 he is identified as a Naamathite, or one who dwells in Naamah, perhaps a region in Arabia. It comes from a root meaning “to twitter,” and one of his faults was he dealt with profound things in a more lighthearted, flippant way than his two companions. The Alphabetical Order of All Men Named in The Bible. Does Yemen take its name from the Arabic word meaning "northerly?" ), Zophar (Hebrew: צוֹפַר "Chirping; rising early", Standard Hebrew Tsofar, Tiberian Hebrew Ṣôp̄ar; also Tzofar) the Naamathite is one of the three friends of Job who visits to comfort him during his illness. In this case, a Naamathite would be someone from Naamath (נעמת).No place called Naamath is mentioned anywhere in the Bible, but perhaps Naamath is an older spelling of the name Naamah (נעמה), which was the name of a town in Judah (Joshua 15:41). 15:41) had a name suggestive of his manner. Zophar himself erred in that he presumed to know all about God and pleaded the worth of human merit in His sight. New International Version (NIV), II. Eliphaz the Temanite is the symbol of human experience or history. He advocated good living. Unlike friends Bildad and Eliphaz, Zophar only speaks twice to Job. He suggests that Job's suffering could be divine punishment, and goes into great detail about the consequences of living a life of sin. Unlike the other two comforters, Zophar does not have a third speech, and some commentators have concluded that parts of Job’s speeches constitute this third reply. Zophar the Naamathite is the symbol of human merit or moral law. Zophar the Naamathite is one of the three (and later four) friends who discuss with the unfortunate Job the finer points of righteousness and divine intervention (Job 2:11).. Naamathite - Hawker Poor Man Commentary Dictionary . From some Arabic place. Zophar of Naamah (Josh. Zophar is portrayed as more hotheaded than his two friends. ( Job 2:11; 11:1; 20:1; 42:9) There is no other trace of this name in the Bible, and the town whence it is derived is unknown. Naamathite (na'-a-ma-thit) is the Gentile name and Old Testament designation given to Zophar, one of Job's three friends (Job 2:11; 11:1 ; 20:1 ; 42:9), from a city called Naamah, perhaps in Arabia.. References This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Easton, Matthew George (1897). Zophar [Zō'phar]—hairy, expanse or pleasant abode. Corrections? Naamathite - Faussets Bible Dictionary .
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