The style was introduced by Thomas Webb & Sons of England in the 1870s. A term applied to several types of decorative glassware, including calcedonio and opaque white glass with a red overlay applied by flashing. Because of this, the painter must apply the pigments in the reverse of the normal order, beginning with the highlights and ending with the background. Glass can also be polished with hand-held tools. The name sometimes given to globular or pear-shaped objects with a narrow neck and mouth. The technique of winding molten glass around the tip of a narrow metal tool or wire coated with clay or kiln wash to act as a separating agent. Please notify us 24 hours before your planned visit. Crizzling can be slowed or perhaps even halted, but it cannot at present be reversed. Devitrification can also occur on the surface as a result of unsuccessful annealing or accidental heating to a high temperature. The two components adhere and are inflated together (perhaps with frequent reheating) until they have the desired form. It is then inflated to the desired size. Sits around 2200 degrees farenheight. Glass fragments usually colored of which would be rolled or melted into a working piece for the additions of colors of textures is not melted all of the way. The blobs were then blown outward and manipulated to resemble hollow claws. Oven that is used to reheat glass as it Glass paperweights ceased to be fashionable in the early 20th century, but the craft of making them revived in the 1950s. A tool used as a puffer to further inflate a vessel after it has been removed from the blowpipe and is attached to the pontil. A decorative pattern of long, mitered grooves, cut horizontally in straight lines so that the top edges of each groove touch the edges of the adjoining grooves. apply a spiral down the piece. Calcedonio was first made in Venice in the late 15th century. (1) A matte finish produced by exposing the object to fumes of hydrofluoric acid; (2) a network of small surface cracks caused by weathering. A metal rod with a spring clip that grips the foot of a vessel and so avoids the use of a pontil. It serves as a flux to reduce the fusion point of the silica when the batch is melted. Pure hydrofluoric acid dissolves glass, leaving a brilliant, acid-polished surface. The process of detaching the unwanted portion of the parison from the blowpipe and the intended rim. is used as a support for the blowpipes. Search the sound of breaking glass and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. Using a solid mold (plaster, sand…) transparent, translucent, crystal-clear, see-through, lustrous, vitreous, gleaming, glinting, sparkle, spangle, glisten, shine, reflective, refractive, magnify, irridescent, brilliant, prismic, glassy stare, icy, watery, pellucid, frosted, filmy, screen, filter, pane, opaque, cloudy, crizzled, crazed, fragile, shattering, shatter-proof, brittle, sharp, shattered… A generic name for glass (e.g., borosilicate glass) with a relatively low coefficient of expansion. After annealing, the core is removed by scraping. to the "punty". Bimetal probe that measures the kiln’s temperature. and for the transfer process of the piece from on the blowpipe A glassworker’s tool consisting of a square piece of wood or metal and a handle. out, when sth sounds too good to be true and not as good as it seems to be and you suspect that there is a hidden problem, You want to reject this entry: please give us your comments (bad translation/definition, duplicate entries...), English Portuguese translation in context, Free: Learn English, French and other languages, Reverso Documents: translate your documents online, Learn English watching your favourite videos. It is one of the essential ingredients of glass, generally accounting for about 15-20 percent of the batch. An open ended cylindrical designed to create effects or grooves in the molten glass by blowing into the blowpipe while in the mould vertically. A decorative effect that causes the surface of the glass to resemble cracked ice. Any object embedded in the surface of a larger object. A collective term for bubbles, metal and glass particles, and other foreign materials that have been added to the glass for decorative effects. The term applied to a number of decorative techniques, all of which involve painting, on the back side of the glass, a design that is viewed from the front (that is, through the glass). To evenly cut off a bit of glass, also A type of decorative glass developed by Frederick Carder (1863-1963) at Steuben Glass Works in Corning, New York, before 1917. (1) A plant, Salsola soda, which grows extensively on seashores in the western Mediterranean and the Canary Islands; hence (2) an impure alkali made by burning plants of this and related species, formerly used in the manufacture of soap and glass. Decoration of this type, however, had been made since the 13th century, and the term reverse foil engraving is preferable. A type of decoration, produced in Bohemia and Austria in the 18th century, in which a design in gold or silver leaf is incorporated between two vessels that fit together precisely. Inexpensive pressed glass with vivid gold, orange, and purple iridescence, made in the United States between about 1895 and 1924. A mass of molten glass, usually small and freshly gathered from the furnace. punty. An object, such as a paperweight, that is covered with a layer of colorless glass. The glass is forced against the inner surfaces of the mold and assumes its shape, together with any decoration that it bears. giving them a chance to regain strength. After annealing, the disk is cut into panes of the required shape and size. “Flashing” is sometimes used (erroneously) as a synonym for casing. Smoothing the surface of an object when it is cold by holding it against a rotating wheel fed with a fine abrasive such as pumice or cerium oxide. It is usually black, but it can also be very dark red or green; its splinters are often transparent or translucent. In contemporary glassworking, kilns are used to fuse enamel and for kiln-forming processes such as slumping. A cylindrical or truncated conical one-piece mold with a patterned interior. The decorated areas are left unpolished. Battledores are used to smooth the bottoms of vessels and other objects. Nowadays, most molds are made of metal, but stone, wood, plaster, and earthenware molds were used in the past and are still occasionally employed today. A synthetic material, copper calcium tetrasilicate, with a distinctive blue color. The annealer sits at around 900 degrees Farenheight and is The process of reheating glass after it has cooled, in order to develop color or an opacifying agent that appears only within a limited range of temperatures. The technique whereby a blank in the general shape of the finished object is mounted on a lathe and (in antiquity) turned with the aid of a bow or handled wheel, while a tool fed with abrasive is held against the surface in order to polish it, modify the profile, or cut it. to heat the glass back to a molten state; usually done. din, noise, report, resonance, reverberation, tone, voice, drift, idea, implication(s), impression, look, tenor, appear, give the impression of, look, seem, strike one as being, announce, articulate, declare, enunciate, express, pronounce, signal, utter, English Collins Dictionary - English synonyms & Thesaurus, Collaborative Dictionary English Thesaurus, by extension, it can be applied to other rhythmic similar sounds (for example, the sound of a clock or of a typing machine). A solid steel rod that is used for bits is being worked. A deep yellow stain made by painting the surface of the glass with silver nitrate or similar compounds and firing it at a relatively low temperature. A term applied to the process of making vertical ribs on the lower part of a blown glass object by gathering additional glass on the parison and inflating it further in a dip mold. A type of glass with air traps and specks of aventurine, patented in the 1890s by James Couper, Christopher Dresser, and George Walton. Glassware shaped solely by inflation with a blowpipe and manipulation with tools. High heat resistant gloves or big mittens The term is frequently but incorrectly applied to ancient Roman ribbed bowls, which were made in a different manner. It became popular in New England, New York, and New Jersey in the second quarter of the 19th century. Wasters are routinely recycled as cullet. It is an alternative to soda as a source of alkali in the manufacture of glass. Sometimes, additional iron, in the form of iron oxide (or other materials), is employed to darken the color. to shape the glass. The initial phase of melting batch. Early lehrs were connected to the furnace by flues, but the difficulty of controlling heat and smoke made this arrangement impracticable. In glassworking, the process of coloring the surface of glass by the application of silver sulfide or silver chloride, which is then fired at a relatively low temperature. It is the main tool used A term used by Frederick Carder (1863-1963) to describe openwork objects that he made by lost wax casting. An effect superficially similar to weathering can be obtained by exposing glass to fumes of hydrofluoric acid to make an allover matte surface.
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