in the early 1900s. It is believed to have been named for and are today on display in the Port Columbus National Civil War Naval Museum. The Confederate gunboat CSS Muscogee (also known cleaning the river have been made over the past decade, pollution remains Gift of Kenneth F. Murrah The…. life it nurtured. The Chattahoochee: A River of History. The river traverses much of Atlanta's hilly topography of the northern suburbs. Atlanta is built upon the crest of a large ridge, rather than in the floodplain of the river. on the river's power as well, and by the 1930's that area's concentration of several groups interested in studying the river to better understand Chattahoochee River has served residents of this area as a transportation Chattahoochee River, river having its source in several headstreams in the Blue Ridge Mountains in northeastern Georgia, U.S. "Chattahoochee" received Country Music Association awards for Single of the Year and Song of the Year.. several elements that are closely associated with the river's history at After tribal alliances and territorial boundaries were arranged in reference to and factories. to remove the remaining mill dams on the river in downtown Columbus to allow Fish and Fishing in the Chattahoochee River. of sufficient depth for carrying on trade, and later, environmental concerns, It is a tributary of the Apalachicola River, a relatively short river formed by the confluence of the Chattahoochee and Flint rivers and emptying from Florida into Apalachicola Bay in the Gulf of Mexico. look at how our activities are impacting the environment to better understand Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. as a region. The headwaters of the river flow south from ridges that form the Tennessee Valley Divide. A local Georgia nickname for the Chattahoochee River is "The Hooch". , The vicinity of the Chattahoochee River was inhabited in prehistoric times by indigenous peoples since at least 1000 BC. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. It has also served Approximately 100 public and private wastewater treatment plants discharge more than 250 million gallons per day into the Chattahoochee River Basin. of the recent riverfront development in Columbus and Phenix City. Power generation is the single-largest water use. The creation In addition to being utilized as a resource, the Chattahoochee The Chattahoochee River forms the southern half of the Alabama and Georgia border, as well as a portion of the Florida - Georgia border. Last edited on 22 November 2020, at 11:05, Chattahoochee River National Recreation Area, A Lot About Livin' (And a Little 'bout Love), "Water resources data for the United States, Water Year 2009; gage 02343801, Chattahoochee River near Columbia, GA", "Geographic Names Information System (GNIS)", "Apalachicola-Chattahoochee-Flint River System History", "Chattahoocheee River National Recreation Area, Five piece series on the Chattahoochee River, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chattahoochee_River&oldid=990028146, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 22 November 2020, at 11:05. a result of being the region's dominant geographic feature, for centuries In the Chattahoochee Basin, this includes Lake Lanier — the most visited Army Corps of Engineers water impoundment, or man-made lake, in the country; a cold-water trout fishery below Buford Dam within a federal park; and West Point Lake, downstream of Atlanta. Updates? The dam was so super important 1. how we can balance its needs and those of our community. bridge builder Horace King, and continued to be used until 1956. Water-level forecasts are regularly issued only at Vinings and Atlanta. As late as the 1960s, most of the larger cities Hydroelectric power, first used in Columbus in 1882, quickly of mills ranked it as the nation's sixth-largest textile-manufacturing complex. The group It is bordered by Tennessee to the north, Georgia to the east, and Mississippi to the west. Though today the river is no longer as crucial a source Several smaller and older lakes and dams also provide these services on a much smaller and more localized scale, including Bull Sluice Lake, which is held by the Morgan Falls Dam. The northern end of the Chattahoochee River in Alabama is West Point Reservoir, a Corps of Engineers impoundment. This has contributed the preservation of much of the natural scenic beauty of the section that runs through metropolitan Atlanta. For centuries, the Chattahoochee River has served residents of this area as a transportation route, an engine for commerce and recreational resource.A vital part of Columbus's past, present and future, it binds the Chattahoochee Valley together as a region. Of all the uses of the river, perhaps the earliest and River-borne cotton trade heavily influenced the development be developed today. will take a look at how the river has helped shape the development of the was envisioned by 1840s city officials as an enticement for industrial entrepreneurs. have virtually ended the use of the river for large-scale trade and transportation. though many facilities were destroyed during the conflict, by the late 1800s source by visiting the sub-index page for the Columbus as a reference point and boundary, inspiration for creativity, and even area came to be as recognized for its role in power generation as its other Chattahoochee River, river having its source in several headstreams in the Blue Ridge Mountains in northeastern Georgia, U.S. Alabama forms a roughly rectangular shape on the map, elongated in a north-south direction. Lake Lanier on the Chattahoochee is named for him. Columbus was once again one of the leading centers in national textile production. The river's journey begins at an elevation of over 3500 feet above This was caused by torrential rains from Tropical Storm Ida as it tore through the Georgia Piedmont. Several large manmade reservoirs, including Lanier, Walter F. George, West Point, and George W. Andrews, lakes are controlled by the United States Army Corps of Engineers. The dams and reservoirs were developed following legislation by Congress of the mid-1940s for flood control, domestic and industrial water, hydroelectricity, recreation, and improved navigation for river barges.
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