Sometimes, the games can last for several days. In this game, players vie for control of a headless goat carcass, which acts as the “ball”, in an effort to score points for themselves or their team. Buzkashi the national sport of Afghanistan's, means goat-grabbing. The horses are more valuable in a game of Buzkashi than the player himself. Bien que ses débuts soient perdus dans le temps, beaucoup prétendent que ce sport a commencé lorsque les Mongols de Genghis Khan, qui ont envahi brutalement la région, ont pillé des chèvres et des moutons alors qu’ils chevauchaient à toute vitesse. While participants may regard buzkashī as lighthearted fun, both forms of the game are played in an implicitly political context, in which patrons—in northern Afghanistan, the traditional elite (khans)—seek to demonstrate, and thus enhance, their capacity to control events in the country’s ever-shifting power structure. And these matches are sponsored by the rich and powerful as a display of their wealth and prestige. Traditionnellement une chèvre éviscérée, décapitée et dont les membres avaient été enlevés sous l'articulation du genou, la carcasse était trempée dans l'eau pendant au moins une journée pour endurcir la peau. And these competitors are the professional athletes of the day. Aujourd'hui, il existe trois variantes du jeu: tudabarai, qarajai et une version jouée uniquement à Kaboul. Finalement, un coureur, connu sous le nom de Chapandaz, aura «plongé au sol et saisi d'une main la carcasse de chèvre…» en s'éloignant du cercle initial dans n'importe quelle direction se dégageant. In the 1940s, a group of men in Cleveland, Ohio introduced a version of the game in the United States. […] Watching Buzkashi in Afghanistan. Competitors and their steeds milled around, conversing with friends, preparing for the match. Today, the game exists in two main forms: Tudabarai and Qarajai. Une industrie à part entière, «des enfants avec des poignées de billets de cinquante et cent dollars de riches spectateurs sillonnent les gradins pour placer des paris avec un bookmaker» pendant le jeu, et cet échange entraîne de beaux salaires pour le Chapandazan. Mazari Sharif is well known for the Shrine of Hazrat Ali bathed in azure tile but Mazari Sharif is also known as a great place to watch buzkashi. Violent play can readily shift to real violence. That’s it. Maybe, you want to read a bit more? Thank you so much ! Both defensive and offensive strategies were used which developed into a formalized game whose rules are to this day a bit mysterious. It is popular predominantly in Afghanistan but also is retained as a self-conscious cultural remnant in the Muslim republics north of Afghanistan and in parts of northwestern China. Expert riders known as chapandāzān (singular chapandāz) dominate play, but—in games that often involve hundreds of riders—everyone has the right to compete. Buzkashī has two main forms: the traditional, grassroots game, known as tūdabarāy (Persian [Dari]: “coming out of the crowd”), and the modern government-sponsored version, qarajāy (“black place”). I was in Mazari Sharif in early winter, and the skies were leaden and dreary. For this reason, it has been said that “this is what polo would look like if played in prison.”. If you have a chance to experience Buzkashi on your own, I definitely recommend you seize the opportunity! facebook And, to put it in perspective, many balls used today in sports are made from leather. The dead goat (the ball) would be placed here. This is where buzkashi played. Once, the goat is secured, the horseman sprints to the far side of the field often accompanied by competitors who attempt to steal the goat. Le premier drapeau olympique a disparu pendant 77 ans après les Jeux de 1920 jusqu'à ce qu'un Olympien de 1920 ait révélé qu'il l'avait eu dans sa valise depuis toujours. Buzkashi is considered to be the national sport of Afghanistan. Although there are several different forms of the sport played in several countries, it’s most popular form comes from Afghanistan, where it is the national sport. Comme il peut être coûteux d'élever un cheval et de prendre le temps de travailler loin du travail, une grande partie de Buzkashi est financée par les riches. Buzkashi, which is also called kokpar or kokboru, is a sport in which riders on horses attempt to drag a goat carcass toward the goal. Josh Summers on October 19th, 2016 at 8:11 am. Happy New Year to you as well ;). Check your inbox or spam folder to confirm your subscription. People were roaming around, some boys gathered around a portable foosball table, a truly international sport. They called the game. Check out the 800 sports in the Encyclopedia of Every Sport. Good article im originally from kabul Afghanistan, could you pleas send to me some photo abaut buykashi in my grmail adress. Some of the most amazing riders I have ever seen. After prayer, men and boys, began to congregate in a large expanse. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. A part ça, tout y passe! You’ll also receive monthly travel updates, exclusive offers and travel tips. Buzkashi coupe plus ou moins l'homme du milieu et utilise la carcasse d'un animal qui vient d'être tué, au lieu d'une version cousue. Buzkashī, (Persian: “goat dragging”) also spelled bozkashī, a rugged equestrian game, played predominantly by Turkic peoples in northern Afghanistan, in which riders compete to seize and retain control of a goat or calf carcass. In some places, a Buzkashi match can last for days…”. Seen buzkashi during Navruz in Dushanbe. The crowd is engaged and enthusiastic. “Free and clear,” however, is difficult to judge, and disputes are common. Sign up to receive your free copy of Photos From Chernobyl. Today in Afghanistan buzkashi has returned. Awesome! Were there any in your group? Armed with my camera and plenty of questions for the locals standing around watching, I was able to better understand the rules and traditions surrounding this mysterious game of Buzkashi. However, I reckon I saw nearly as much action and fun (and some of that was scary/dangerous) at the Sunday Livestock Market at Kashgar a few weeks ago …. Traditional tūdabarāy games, however, have no formal teams and are not played within clearly defined spatial boundaries. So lucky to have been able to witness this sport! Parmi les autres chevaux utilisés dans ce sport, on trouve les Arabi, Tazi, Borta et Waziri. A person who plays buzkashi or kokparÂ is called a Chapandaz or a Shabandzon. The government had complete control over buzkashī matches by 1977. Legend has it that the game of Buzkashi was first invented centuries ago when Afghan tribes would gallop up on horseback to steal a rival tribe’s goats from their flock. disclaimer Josh Summers on September 27th, 2015 at 10:27 pm, Ha! Quand vous y réfléchissez, le faire de cette façon plutôt que d'utiliser des balles fabriquées en usine expédiées du monde entier est encore un peu plus écologique…. My friends and I stopped in the small town of Tashkorgan near the border of Pakistan and China and stumbled upon a few games being played. The name “Buzkashi” literally means “goat grabbing” when translated into English. Très récemment, dans le but de faire de Buzkashi un sport olympique, la Fédération olympique afghane a créé des règles officielles pour une version beaucoup plus douce du sport. The games that I personally witnessed were part of a local wedding. Manger des graines de pavot peut-il vraiment vous faire échouer à un test de dépistage de drogue? It’s an age-old game that has been played for generations in this part of the world. I certainty wouldn’t enjoy anything so barbaric! See What is a sport? st Siècle? USA entered a team in the competition at the World Nomad Games in Kyrgyzstan for the second time this year and got roundly thrashed by the central Asian teams (Though they did better this time than last games). I’ve lived in Central-Asia for 13 years and I want to thank you for your accurate description of buzkashi. Thanks again Josh. I would like to see the skills of these horsemen up against the cowboys in the US. document.write("Page last modified: " + document.lastModified +""). The number of points needed to win or the number of games played in a match isn’t set (something I’ll go into in more detail next). It was a Friday, and many Muslims attend the noon day prayer at the mosque. Untamed Borders specializes in bringing travelers to challenging locations like Yemen, Somalia, and South Sudan. I’m so glad you had an opportunity to witness it. Gâtés pendant la saison morte (Buzkashi est joué le vendredi entre l’hiver et le début du printemps), les chevaux sont engraissés avec de l’orge (parfois enrichie de beurre et d’œufs) et de melons. Near the main seating area, a white circle had been drawn in the dirt. The goat does not go to waste, as it is served as a meal after the match. The Tudabarai is the simple form; the goal is just to grab the goat. The horses are also athletes in their own right. Other ethnic groups in northern Afghanistan have more recently entered the culture of buzkashī, including Persian (Dari)-speaking Tajiks and Ḥazāra from western Afghanistan and Pashtun migrants from south of the Hindu Kush mountain range.
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