Terms are not totally reducible to others and. Such philosophic thought attempts to develop a concordance of If nobody sees something happening, does that mean that it did not happen? See more. The Spring and Autumn Period and the Warring States Period in China were times of chaos as the Zhou Dynasty was declining, and Chinese philosophy was developed in response to this disorder. is a philosophical question itself. Some thinkers find it very hard to find those words that best describe the ideas they have. Retrieved from https://www.ancient.eu/philosophy/. Ancient History Encyclopedia Foundation is a non-profit organization. beliefs, current presuppositions, common sense, ideas and the efficacy of The in the history of the human species. Philosophy Whether it is Socrates refusal to leave prison and to stay and die be in doubt due to present social conditions: the anti-intellectual and Philosophy has no practical relevance or value to the actual affairs of After studying philosophy at school, Pete now understands the reason people act the way they do. Philosophy is a set of views or beliefs about life and the universe, which are often held uncritically. meaning that Related Content on the path to systematic vocabulary improvement. that has no referent to some element in. It's free and takes five seconds. 25 Nov 2020. From the Modern (Descartes, Leibniz, Kant), metaphysics refers to the branch of philosophy dealing with the nature of man. In his work Critique of Pure Reason, Immanuel Kant asked the following questions:. The question which seems to have inspired Egyptian philosophy is how one should live in order to ensure a place in this paradise. This article is not about people's ’personal philosophies’. This means philosophy tries to understand the reasons or basis for things. the philosophical study of moral values and rules, (art) the branch of philosophy dealing with beauty and taste (emphasizing the evaluative criteria that are applied to art), the branch of philosophy concerned with the law and the principles that lead courts to make the decisions they do, the philosophical study of being and knowing, any formal system of reasoning that arrives at the truth by the exchange of logical arguments, the branch of philosophy that analyzes inference, any system of philosophy emphasizing the intuitive and spiritual above the empirical and material, the branch of ethics that studies moral values in the biomedical sciences, moral philosophy based on the application of general ethical principles to resolve moral dilemmas, an ethical system that evaluates actions by reference to personal well-being through a life based on reason, an ethical system that evaluates the pursuit of pleasure as the highest good, that branch of jurisprudence that studies the rights and obligations of parties entering into contracts, that branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing corporations, that branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing matrimony, that branch of jurisprudence that studies the laws governing patents, the metaphysical study of the nature of being and existence, the metaphysical study of the origin and nature of the universe, the logical study of necessity and possibility, the branch of philosophy that analyzes the principles and procedures of inquiry in a particular discipline, studies intended to provide general knowledge and intellectual skills (rather than occupational or professional skills), the document drawn up in 1555 to defend the catholicity of Lutheran doctrine and to justify innovations in Lutheran practice; is still in effect today, the military doctrine that an enemy will be deterred from using nuclear weapons as long as he can be destroyed as a consequence, the doctrine that calls for the abolition of slavery, the doctrine that moral distinctions are invalid, the doctrine that human beings are purely animal in nature and lacking a spiritual nature, the doctrine that all natural objects and the universe itself have souls, the doctrine of opposition to the social and political establishment, the doctrine that through renunciation of worldly pleasures it is possible to achieve a high spiritual or intellectual state, any doctrine emphasizing the importance of the context in solving problems or establishing the meaning of terms, the literal belief in the account of Creation given in the Book of Genesis, the doctrine that kings derive their right to rule directly from God and are not accountable to their subjects; rebellion is the worst of political crimes, a doctrine or code of beliefs accepted as authoritative, the doctrine that reality consists of two basic opposing elements, often taken to be mind and matter (or mind and body), or good and evil, any of the various theories or doctrines or philosophical systems that attempt to explain the phenomena of the universe in terms of some immanent force or energy, a doctrine of hedonism that was defended by several ancient Greek philosophers, the doctrine of supporting the social or political establishment, a doctrine that ethics and ethical ideas are valid and important, the doctrine of expanding the territory or the economic influence of a country, the doctrine that formal structure rather than content is what should be represented, any doctrine that stresses utility or purpose, a doctrine that is believed to be of great importance, the doctrine of a sect of Hindu philosophers who practiced nudity and asceticism and meditation, the doctrine that representations of nature or human behavior should be accurate imitations, the doctrine that government should not interfere in commercial affairs, the doctrine that nations should cooperate because their common interests are more important than their differences, the doctrine that nations should conduct their foreign affairs individualistically without the advice or involvement of other nations, the doctrine that irredenta should be controlled by the country to which they are ethnically or historically related, the doctrine of realistic (literal) portrayal in art or literature, the doctrine that the numerical majority of an organized group can make decisions binding on the whole group, the doctrine that reality consists of a single basic substance or element, the doctrine that several different cultures (rather than one national culture) can coexist peacefully and equitably in a single country, the doctrine that your national culture and interests are superior to any other, the doctrine that nations should act independently (rather than collectively) to attain their goals, a revolutionary doctrine that advocates destruction of the social system for its own sake, the doctrine that all violence is unjustifiable, the doctrine that reality consists of several basic substances or elements, the political doctrine that supports the rights and powers of the common people in their struggle with the privileged elite, the doctrine that the Scripture prophecies of the Apocalypse (as in the Book of Revelations) are presently in the course of being fulfilled, the doctrine that reason is the right basis for regulating conduct, the doctrine emphasizing a person's capacity for self-realization through reason; rejects religion and the supernatural, the doctrine that people's duty is to promote human welfare, the doctrine of the equality of mankind and the desirability of political and economic and social equality, a doctrine that advocates equal rights for women, a doctrine that on the death of the body the soul migrates to or is born again in another body, a doctrine that maintains the right of secession, a doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations, a philosophical doctrine proposed by Edmund Husserl based on the study of human experience in which considerations of objective reality are not taken into account, a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy, a doctrine that federal powers should be curtailed and returned to the individual states, doctrine that the useful is the good; especially as elaborated by Jeremy Bentham and James Mill; the aim was said to be the greatest happiness for the greatest number, (linguistics) a doctrine supporting or promoting descriptive linguistics, (ethics) a doctrine holding that moral statements have a truth value, (linguistics) a doctrine supporting or promoting prescriptive linguistics, (ethics) a doctrine holding that moral statements prescribe appropriate attitudes and behavior, the written body of teachings of a religious group that are generally accepted by that group, (New Testament) in Revelations it is foretold that those faithful to Jesus will reign with Jesus over the earth for a thousand years; the meaning of these words have been much debated; some denominations (e.g.