what do pygmy slow loris eat

[88][79] This demand has recently increased due to human population growth and improved economic conditions within the region. (2007). [102] In 1994, the Association of Zoos and Aquariums established a Species Survival Plan for the species, following a proposal by the Global Captive Action Plan for Primates to create a breeding program to maintain its genetic diversity. Everything we do is rooted in our mission: to connect people with nature. They obtain this by scraping branches with their teeth to release gum and by licking plant exudate from the branches. This seasonal change in bodyweight occurs in both sexes, in both pregnant and non-pregnant females—an adaptation thought to help ensure survival during winter when food resources become scarce. [56] The use of defoliants, such as Agent Orange, during the Vietnam War and the ongoing clearing of forests in Vietnam have resulted in a considerable loss of habitat. Did you know about these Loris facts? long, and weigh no more than five pounds. [34] Males use scent marking to defend territories and mark their boundaries. Unable to leap from tree to tree, the pygmy slow loris has a restricted range from which it may obtain food sources. They are closely related to their sister genus Loris, the Slender Lorises. Insect prey is typically consumed at heights less than 10 m (33 ft). [18], The pygmy slow loris has a head and body length (measured from the top of the head to the base of the tail) of 195–230 mm (7.7–9.1 in); there is no significant difference in size between the sexes. [70] The demand of the pet and the medicinal markets is further aggravating the situation, which is reflected by its abundance in many local markets. The upper sides of the arms are ochraceous, and have silvery hairs mingled with the darker ones. Feeding on exudates usually occurs at heights over 8 m (26 ft). Hours, availability, and information about the Gift Shop and dining options. [88] Surveys from 1998 and 1999 show that 80 to 90 animals were imported from Vietnam though Hekou Port into Yunnan province, making it the most commonly recorded animal in the surveys. [92] Traders have reported that they have difficulty keeping pace with demand—one trader claimed to have sold nearly 1,200 pygmy slow lorises during 2001–2002. The offspring will be nursed for an average of 4.5 months, but weaning can sometimes take up to 8 months. Individuals forage alone, and mothers even “park” their infants in a safe place rather than carrying them along when they venture out. Where they do occur, members of this species are usually found in thick foliage deep in tropical rainforests. Genus: Nycticebus; Species: pygmaeus, Adult Size : 0.8 – 1.0 pounds In Laos, populations have been recorded in Phou Khaokhoay, Nam Kading, Nam Theun, Nakai–Nam Theun, Khammouane Limestone, Dakchung Plateau, and Bolaven Northeast. [39] One of the components is a member of the secretoglobin family of proteins,[40] and similar to an allergenic protein found in cat dander. On the carnivorous side, they hunt for spiders, termites, worms, bird eggs, lizards, and other small creatures. The pygmy slow loris is seasonally fertile during the months of July and October. [63], The diet of the pygmy slow loris is seasonal. [66], The pygmy slow loris is nocturnal and arboreal, and is most commonly found in semi-evergreen, secondary,[67][68][69] and mixed deciduous forests. Their diet consists of eggs, tree frogs, geckos, baby birds, sleeping birds and mammals, fruits and plants. [51] Research on the process of sexual selection in primates suggests that the exclusive presence of one male's scent in the area is a reliable cue that he is capable of defending the area and/or preventing rival males from marking. [85] In Vietnam, the pygmy slow loris is used for food, medicine, and often as a pet[85] and is among the most frequently sold species. [77] As of 2003, the forest cover had been reduced to 30% of its original area, with only 10% of the remaining forest consisting of the closed-canopy forests preferred by the pygmy slow loris. [42], Vocalizations of the pygmy slow loris include a short whistle, mother-infant contact calls,[43] and a whistling sound produced during estrus. [30] The pygmy slow loris has buffy flanks, paler than the back. Less than a foot long, pygmy slow lorises are most easily identified by their huge brown eyes, which help them spot prey in the dark. In fact, studies have suggested that they are almost constantly in motion during the hours of darkness, pausing briefly only to feed. [69] Its encounter rate, determined from two field studies from Laos and Vietnam combined, was 0.05–0.08 lorises/km. It occurs in a variety of forest habitats, including tropical dry forests, semi-evergreen, and evergreen forests. Although extensive research has not been conducted on this defense mechanism, it is known that the secretion is poisonous to humans, and many native peoples in Asia avoid lorises in the wild. By 2007, field sightings were becoming scarce, and there were reports that it had disappeared from large parts of its range,[85] particularly in areas with intense logging and agriculture. Learn about our greater commitment to wildlife conservation. These primates are nocturnal and arboreal, foraging and hunting in the trees at night. The hands and feet are silvery white,[31] with yellowish-white nails. When they move, they do so with slow deliberate hand-over-hand movements, moving along as easily under a branch as above. These primates live mostly in dense forests with lots of vegetation. Pygmy slow lorises are omnivorous, eating fruit and other plant matter, insects, and other small prey items. All Lorises are nocturnal. The native habitat of pygmy lorises was devastated during the Vietnam War.

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