Ispán , leader of a castle district (a fortress and the royal lands attached to it) in the Kingdom of Hungary from the early 11th century. In between, in descending order, were the nobles, the free citizens and those in military and civil service,Scribes and religious leaders, merchants and peasants. As such, a significant amount of a nobleman’s time each day when he was at home was dedicated to the arts of war and combat. Latin titles are for etymological comparisons. Bishop Address: The Most Reverend (First and Last Name), Bishop of (Name of Diocese)Salutation: Dear Bishop (Surname) Closing: Yours very truly. Countess (wife of an Earl)Address: The Rt Hon. Meyers Taschenlexikon Geschichte 1982, vol 1, p. 22 & vol 2, p. 198. Among the nobility, those whose titles derive from the Holy Roman Empire rank higher than the holder of an equivalent title granted by one of the German monarchs after 1806. The daughters and paternal granddaughters of Russian emperors, as well as the consorts of Russian grand dukes, were generally called "grand duchesses" in English. A prince or princess who is the head of state of a territory that has a monarchy as a form of government is a reigning prince. Monogamy was the rule, even though the nobility could have concubines. Like the other titles of nobility, such as baron or count, nobile is also used immediately before the family name, usually in the abbreviated form: Nob. The KingAddress: His Majesty the KingSalutation: Your dignified Majesty:Closing: I have honor to remain, Sir, Your Majesty’s most humble and obedient subject, The QueenAddress: Her Majesty the QueenSalutation: Madam: or May it please Your Majesty:Closing: I have honor to remain, Madam, Your Majesty’s most humble and obedient subject, Royal PrinceAddress: His Royal Highness The Prince of ……Salutation: Sir:Closing: I have honor to remain, Sir, Your Highness’s most humble and obedient subject, Royal PrincessAddress: Her Royal Highness The Princess of ……Salutation: Madam: Closing: I have honor to remain, Madam, Your Highness’s most humble and obedient subject. The female equivalent is Duchess. The class structure was generally rigid although some mobility from one level to another was possible. Non-hereditary. Wise kings listened to the people. The next level of the pyramid consisted of shop-owners, merchants, farmers, craftspeople, iron workers and fishermen etc. IV, page 26): "With regard to the words 'untitled nobility' employed in certain recent birthbrieves in relation to the (Minor) Baronage of Scotland, Finds and Declares that the (Minor) Barons of Scotland are, and have been both in this nobiliary Court and in the Court of Session recognised as a 'titled nobility' and that the estait of the Baronage (i.e. They performed necessary managerial tasks on their lands and with the peasants in their employ, collected and raised funding for military expeditions and social events, practiced horseback riding, hunting, and hawking, and met any additional obligations set upon them by their own masters. Abbot Address: The Very Reverend (First and Last Name), Abbot of …..Salutation: Right Reverend Father: or Dear Abbot (Surname) Closing: Yours sincerely. Here the rank of Baronet (ranking above a Knight) is taken as the highest rank among the ranks of the minor nobility or landed gentry that are listed below. Arka (from Greek 'árchōn,' 'king'); Tagavor, Ishkhanats ishkhan (literally Prince of Princes), Nakharar ('Grand' only by precedence among other 'dukes'), Nakharar (synonyms are Medzamedz, Ter, Tanuter, Nahapet). A government that has a king or queen with limited power is called a constitutional monarchy (such countries include Canada, the United Kingdom and Japan). MarquessAddress: The Most Hon. Yashwant Rao Holkar, Shrimant Maharaja Mahadaji Shinde (Scindia), Shrimant 'Sardar' Ranoji Rao Scindia Bahadur, Subedar of Malwa, His Highness Shrimant Sawai Madhavrao Peshwa aka Madhu Rao II Narayan, https://www.infoplease.com/whos-who-monarchy, https://books.google.co.uk/books?id=pySCGvdyYLIC&pg=PA166&dq=indian+epigraphical+pillai+prince&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwiHpO3DvuTQAhWpBcAKHRzwDSIQ6AEIHDAA#v=onepage&q=indian%20epigraphical%20pillai%20prince&f=false, Unequal and Morganatic Marriages in German Law, Noble, Princely, Royal, and Imperial Titles, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Imperial,_royal_and_noble_ranks&oldid=989902319, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Tagavor tagavorats (King of kings); Gaysr (from Latin "Caesar").