One plant throughout a season may produce 50 to 60 times or roughly once every three days. University of Minnesota-USDA Cooperative Breeding program. The heart of this page is the List of Strawberry Varieties / Cultivars below. There are normally adequate levels of phosphorus and potash when fields have been fertilized for top yields. You can sort it according to each of the categories to better find exactly which The addition of manure and a balanced fertilizer aids strong growth. The garden strawberry was transplanted from the forests and then the plants would be propagated asexually by cutting off the runners. Most common commercial strawberry cultivar in Oklahoma. White strawberries. It is susceptible to powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca macularis). Runnerless, must be seed-propagated.  The entire strawberry plant was used to treat depressive illnesses. 'Annelie' × [('Sparkle' × F. vesca 4×) open pollinated]. Lots of foreign people, mainly from Ukraine and Russia, come to Suonenjoki in summer to work on strawberry farms. The berries are picked with the caps still attached and with at least half an inch of stem left. It is especially well suited to the upper Piedmont and Mountain regions of North Carolina. ('Fern' × F. vesca 4×) × F. × ananassa F861502, Dr. Walther Faedi, at the Instituto Sperimentale per la Fruitticoltura, Forli, Italy. , Strawberry cultivars vary widely in size, color, flavor, shape, degree of fertility, season of ripening, liability to disease and constitution of plant. , Strawberry plants can fall victim to a number of diseases, especially when subjected to stress. No particular susceptibility to pests. Further breeding were also conducted in Europe and America to improve the hardiness, disease resistance, size, and taste of strawberries. Very susceptible to anthracnose fruit infections, green petal disease. Tolerant to Sinbar. In Sweden, strawberries are a traditional dessert served on St John's Day, also known as Midsummer's Eve. Highly resistant to Verticillium wilt (Verticillium dahliae) and powdery mildew (Podosphaera aphanis).  When watering strawberries, advice has been given to water only the roots and not the leaves, as moisture on the leaves encourages growth of fungus.. Resistant to red stele. This variety is considered an oddity. A vigorous and winter-hardy variety, Annapolis has resistance to red stele.  Strawberries contain fisetin and possess higher levels of this flavonoid than other fruits. One of the strawberry varieties that produces white strawberries. Brought to Britain from America by C.J. Plant in full sun or dappled shade, and in somewhat sandy soil. Alternatively they can be planted in pots or special planters using compost. Moderately resistant to powdery mildew (Podosphaera aphanis). Highly resistant to red stele with good resistance to leaf diseases. Since they lack a protein necessary for normal ripening by anthocyanin synthesis of red pigments, they do not turn the mature berries of other cultivars red. Produces very large strawberries. (Fairland × Midland) × (Redglow × Surecrop). This code is composed of a hexadecimal FC red (252/256), a 5A green (90/256) and a 8D blue component (141/256). , Sweetness, fragrance and complex flavor are favorable attributes. Strawberries can also be grown indoors in strawberry pots. The first garden strawberry was grown in Brittany, France, during the late 18th century. The Fragaria alpina species is now considered the same as Fragaria vesca. Nitrogen fertilizer is needed at the beginning of every planting year. A good choice for northern locations, especially in the northern Midwest. Splitting below the calyx has been noted in some trials.  Although the plant may not naturally grow indoors in the winter, use of LED lighting in combination of blue and red light can allow the plant to grow during the winter. Another entry in the fruit name category, this one borne by writer Strawberry Saroyan, granddaughter of William, so named by her hippie parents. One of the top strawberry varieties for over 20 years. Fibre mats placed under each plant will protect fruits from touching the ground, and will act as a weed barrier. Strawberries are tough and will survive many conditions, but during fruit formation, moisture is vital, especially if growing in containers. In Italy, strawberries are used for various desserts and as a common flavoring for gelato (gelato alla fragola).  Proteomic studies indicate that the allergen may be tied to a protein for the red anthocyanin biosynthesis expressed in strawberry ripening, named Fra a1 (Fragaria allergen1). This variety is considered an oddity and has one large leaflet instead of the normal three. Berry texture becomes mealy under hot conditions. Here’s a simple coloring page of a strawberry aimed at older children. Extremely hardy variety even into Canada. Sometimes has enormous berries of the Fressant type. No particular susceptibility to pests. A spray program with soil sterilization may be needed. Technically, it is an aggregate accessory fruit, meaning that the fleshy part is derived not from the plant's ovaries but from the receptacle that holds the ovaries. Suonenjoki in North Savonia, Finland is famous small town for its strawberries, that's why is also known as "the Strawberry Town" or "the Strawberry Capital". Plants fruit late, resistant to red stele.  Grading and packing often occurs in the field, rather than in a processing facility. One of the everbearing strawberry varieties that produces significant runners.  Strawberries suffer from severe inbreeding depression, and most cultivars are highly heterozygous. Fragaria yezoensis is of no economic value. Plants do poorly in stressful conditions. Best suited for northern locations and home gardens. Mother plants produce runners and fruit well, but runner plants usually will not produce any strawberries during their first year, unlike most others. Large, vigorous plants. Produces lots of runners. Peak production in August and early September. Moderately resistant to wilt (Verticillium dahliae), crown rot (Phytophthora cactorum), blackspot Colletotrichum acutatum, and powdery mildew (Sphaerotheca macularis). There is no commercial value for this species.