st jerome writings

To Pope Damasus. The Commentaries and works illustrative of the Scriptures would by themselves form two volumes of equal size with the present. Letter XXVII. Be passionate about this history which is yours. The book "De situ et nominibus locorum hebraicorum" is a translation of the "Onomasticon" of Eusebius, to which the translator has joined additions and corrections. The volumes cover the beginning of Christianity until medieval times. -- Ecclesiastes, vol. To Heliodorus, Monk. i. of this series); and it was necessary to confine the Translation of Jerome to a single volume, with the exception of the Book On Illustrious Men and the Apology against Rufinus, which will be found in Vol. A second period extends from his sojourn in Rome to the beginning of the translation of the Old Testament from the Hebrew (382-390). iii.301. Against the priest Vigilantius, Jerome dictated in one night a defense of monasticism, clerical celibacy, and certain practices connected with the cult of martyrs (Contra Vigilantium, 406). Between 390-394 he translated the Books of Samuel and of Kings, Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes, the Canticle of Canticles, Esdras, and Paralipomena. To Marcella. You can read books purchased on Google Play using your computer's web browser. To Florentius. To Innocent. Saint Jerome was also known for his deep devotion to Rome and to the Popes. To Pope Damasus. His harsh criticisms had made him bitter enemies, who tried to ruin him. Please follow the detailed, Cookies help us deliver our services. Continuing his revision of the Old Latin version of the Septuagint based on Origen’s Hexapla (an edition with the Hebrew text in Hebrew and Greek characters, and four different Greek versions arranged in six parallel columns), he revised Ecclesiastes, Proverbs, the Song of Solomon, Chronicles, and Job, and to his Roman revision of the Psalms he added Origen’s diacritical notes. Jerome’s study of the Scripture, the Pope says, was steeped in obedience, both to God Himself and “to those in the Church who represent the living Tradition that interprets the revealed message.” But, Pope Francis insists, “The ‘obedience of faith’ is not, however, a mere passive reception of something already known; on the contrary it demands an active personal effort to understand what was spoken.”. To Rufinus the Monk. The Pope highlighted two dimensions of the saint’s life especially: his “absolute and austere consecration to God,” and “a commitment to diligent study, aimed purely at an ever deeper understanding of the Christian mystery.”. (1) Book of Hebrew names, or Glossary of Proper Names in the Old Testament, Bethlehem, 388, vol. Letter XLVII. EWTN | 5817 Old Leeds Rd. The literary activity of St. Jerome, although very prolific, may be summed up under a few principal heads: works on the Bible; theological controversies; historical works; various letters; translations. To Marcella. -- Homilies on Jeremiah and Ezekiel, vol. To understand St. Jerome's position we must remember that the works of Origen were by far the most complete exegetical collection then in existence, and the one most accessible to students. To Marcella. vii., Bethlehem, 389; Canticles, vol. Perhaps Jerome’s best commentaries are on the minor and major prophets of the Old Testament. In his controversies he was simply the interpreter of the accepted ecclesiastical doctrine. From 382 to August 385 he made another sojourn in Rome, not far from Pope Damasus. Our own generation has produced two excellent works: that of Dr. Otto Zöckler, Hieronymus, Sein Leben und Werken (Gotha, Perthes, 1865), and that of Amédée Thierry, Saint Jérome, la Société chrétienne à Rome et l'émigration romaine en terre sainte (Paris, 1867, originally published in the Revue des Deux Mondes). On this subject Jerome wrote his "Dialogi contra Pelagianos". Between 391 and 406 he produced a Latin translation of the Old Testament on the basis of the original text, a remarkable effort considering the slender instruments at his disposal and the opposition his project provoked. iii.1. Read this book using Google Play Books app on your PC, android, iOS devices. Erasmus and Marianus Victorius prefixed Lives of Jerome to their editions of his works in 1516 and 1565; and Baronius in his Annals and Du Pin in his Bibliotheque des Auteurs Ecclésiastiques (1686) brought to light additional facts. iv., Bethlehem, 410; Jeremiah i.-xxxii., 41, vol. From this period we have the translation of the homilies of Origen on Jeremias, Ezechiel, and Isaias (379-81), and about the same time the translation of the Chronicle of Eusebius; then the "Vita S. Pauli, prima eremitae" (374-379). His treatise, "De Interpretatione nominum hebraicorum", is but a collection of mystical and symbolical meanings. Letter XLIII. To Antony, Monk. The oratorical consist of about one hundred homilies or short treatises, and in these the Solitary of Bethlehem appears in a new light. Letter IV. Letter XXI. But the progress of his Hebraistic studies and his intercourse with the rabbis made him give up that idea, and he recognized as inspired the original text only. The former is a lucid, impartial, and comprehensive account of Jerome's Life and Writings; the latter, a series of very vivid and interesting sketches of Jerome himself, his friends and his times, which, though generally accurate, is occasionally swayed from truth by imagination, and at times is betrayed by sympathy with the modern Roman Catholic system into mistakes of judgment. I have only in one or two instances found reason to alter Vallarsi's dates. Letter XXXVII. i., Aquileia, 311; 2-4, Antioch, 374; 5-17, Desert 374-79; 18, Constantinople, 381; 19-45, Rome, 382-85; 46-148, Bethlehem, 386-418. (3) Lives of the Hermits: Paulus, Desert, 374; Malchus and Hilarion, Bethlehem, 390. To Marcella. i., and fifty-one in vol. The theological writings of St. Jerome are mainly controversial works, one might almost say composed for the occasion. most of which are by Pelagius. A censorious spirit against authority, sympathy for the poor which reaches the point of hostility against the rich, lack of good taste, inferiority of style, and misquotation, such are the most glaring defects of these sermons. Another, written in the fourteenth century by John Andreas of Bologna, was printed at Basle in 1514; and a work by Lasserré was published at Paris in 1530, with a curious title, "La Vie de Monseigneur Sainct Hierome," with "La Vie de Madame Saincte Paule"; and later works belonging to the uncritical region of thought were published later in Madrid by Bonadies in 1595, and by Cermellus in Ferrara (1648), the latter entirely made up of quotations from Jerome's writings. In this letter Jerome, at the request of Damasus, gives a minutely detailed explanation of the parable of the prodigal son. to xxx. ii. Letter XLIV. The work of Sebastiano Dolci (Ancona, 1750) is entirely taken from Jerome's own writings. Between 390 and 405, St. Jerome gave all his attention to the translation of the Old Testament according to the Hebrew, but this work alternated with many others. The question at issue was to determine if certain doctrines professed by Origen and others taught by certain pagan followers of Origen could be accepted. It is to be regretted that he was unable to continue, as had been his intention, a style of work entirely new at the time. nicene and post-nicene fathers. To Innocent. Accurate as to the doctrine of original sin, the author is much less so when he determines the part of God and of man in the act of justification. second series translated into english with prolegomena and explanatory notes. In his controversies he was simply the interpreter of the accepted ecclesiastical doctrine. It is doubtful whether he revised the entire version of the Old Testament according to the Greek of the Septuagint. As time went on, Jerome became more expert in the art of translating, and he outgrew the tendency to palliate, as he came across them, certain errors of Origen. The Gallican Psaltery is collated with the Hebrew, and shows by obeli () the parts which are in the LXX. As to the "Vita S. Hilarionis", it has suffered from contact with the preceding ones. From 374-9 Jerome led an ascetical life in the desert of Chalcis, south-west of Antioch. It has been suggested that Jerome is depicted in the act of translating the Vulgate. -- The Vulgate of the Old Testament, written at Bethlehem, begun 391, finished 404, vol. Our latest podcast episode features popular TED speaker Mara Mintzer. Henceforth he led a life of asceticism and study; but even then he was troubled by controversies which will be mentioned later, one with Rufinus and the other with the Pelagians.

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