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courses that prepare you to earn (Note: some areas of the site may require an Xbox Live / Microsoft account.). Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree. Discovered by Frenchman André Godard, the first scientific excavations of Persepolis were made by German-born Ernst Herzfeld from 1931-4 and sponsored by the University of Chicago’s Oriental Institute. The Achaemenids spent the next century vying for regional power as a tributary state of the Median Empire until the rule of Cyrus the Great. All Rights Reserved. just create an account. feedback about future releases. In the mid-6th century, Cyrus defeated the Medians and conquered their empire, making the Achaemenids the premier power in the region. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. Insiders unlock access to exclusive news, updates, and opportunities to provide Some communities have sought to expand for money, power or both, and through invasion or diplomacy have taken over multiple cities and states, forming what is known as an empire. In the mid-7th century these people moved south and established their own independently-controlled territory in what is today southern Iran. At its peak, it stretched from Libya-Egypt in the west, through Despite the Achaemenid rulers' ability to hold together vast amounts of land, soon the Persian Empire began a slow decline, especially after Xerxes' failed invasion of Greece. The people of that region have traditionally called their country Iran, ‘Land of the Aryans.’ That name was officially adopted in 1935. 's' : ''}}. Top Schools with Geography Masters Programs: List of Best Schools, Top Schools for Geography and Cartography, Best Geography Programs: List of Top Schools. Ibat ibang katawagan sa pilipinas ng mundo? The Persians were one of several Indo-Iranian cultures originating in the Eurasian Steppe. They inhabited the Iranian Plateau, east of Mesopotamia, a semi-arid region, with mineral-rich mountains, deserts and few fertile valleys, a dry climate, with large temperature fluctuations. the Middle East, to Central Asia and today's Pakistan in the Alexander the Great took advantage of this weakened state and invaded Asia Minor in 334 B.C. Learn more about Persia in this article. The Achaemenids organized their vast territorial holdings into provinces, each of which were administered by governors appointed by the emperor. Despite having a much larger force, the Persians were defeated by the Athenians at the Battle of Marathon. These groups have evolved from small farming communities to large cities, complete with governments, social groups, activities, and religion. - Traits and Examples, Agricultural Societies: Definition, History & Distinguishing Features, The Motivation to Produce, Distribute & Consume within Society, Low-Context Culture: Definition & Overview, Native American Potlatch Ceremony: Definition & Overview, Industrial Society: Definition & Characteristics, Post-Industrial Society: Definition & Characteristics, Rationalization of Society: Definition & Examples, Structural Functionalism: Definition, Theory & Examples, What Is Social Cohesion? Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Extension. The Persian Empire covered many countries, but was primarily based and organized in the modern state of Iran. Their empire stretched from the Indus River in the east (in modern Pakistan), stretched south and east to the Persian Gulf and north to the Caspian Sea. In this lesson, we will explore the historical Persian Empire, as ruled by the Achaemenids, and discover the characteristics of the empire and area that it controlled. Chris has an M.A. Services. Map of the Achaemenid Empire of Persia. You can test out of the Why don't libraries smell like bookstores? You can get a more detailed understanding of this ancient empire by reviewing the lesson titled The Persian Empire: Location, Geography & Maps. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. What were some geographic characteristics of the Persian empire? In this lesson we explore the ancient Persian Empire. He consolidated his forces with the Medians and captured more territory east and west, taking the famed ancient city of Babylon in 539 B.C. Can you treat poison ivy with econazole nitrate cream? Other rulers like Darius I and the his son, Xerxes, were unable to conquer Greece, and soon after their failure the Persian Empire began to slowly decline due to rebellion and internal dissension. - Definition & Theory, What Is Social Structure of Society? One of the major capitals was in modern day Iran. study Location of the Persian Empire. Over the course of centuries, groups of people have developed ways of living together. Study.com has thousands of articles about every Round out your definitive collection today! Create your account, Already registered? {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Under Darius I the Persians invaded ancient Greece in the early 5th century B.C.

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