It’s great to see the future generation carrying on the ‘Shakespeare Flu.’. ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?’ is one of the most famous opening lines in all of literature. Moreover, the two extremes of sunshine during summer deprive the humans of the pleasant weather. Moreover, Wordsworth feels great sympathy with nature and understands its boundless sufferings indicating that the winds can howl all the time. It was the time of renaissance in Italy. In line number nine, death is attributed with the human quality of boasting. This metaphor creates the image of a beautiful person with golden complexion being compared with the golden rays of the sun in the minds of the readers. The couplet, which is the last two lines of the poem also contain a repetition “So long as”. Please keep writing. As the number of this sonnet is eighteenth, it is clear that it discusses the themes of mortality, the value of poetry, and the attainment of immortality. Truly, this love sonnet has elapsed through so many generations, and his premise for the endless beauty has come true. The very first line of the poem is a rhetorical question. Wordsworth adores nature. The speaker also claims that his beloved is lovelier than a summer day. And often is his gold complexion dimm’d; Moreover, the summer day is extreme, while the beloved is better because he is temperate. The only place a male is even mentioned is when he speaks of the sun losing it’s shine. The speaker says that summer has a very short span of time and will soon end. Shakespeare wrote 154 sonnets in all. As long as men can read and breathe, his poem shall live on, and his lover, too, will live on, because he is the subject of this poem. Shall I compare thee to a summer's day? But with ‘Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?’ we have almost the opposite problem: we’re trying to take a very well-known poem and de-familiarise it, and try to see it as though we’re coming across it for the first time. Typical of every other sonnet, this poem has fourteen lines and treats the theme of love. The speaker furthers his admiration by juxtaposing his beloved’s beauty with the beauty of other mortal things. Reading this poem it seems that people do not deserve nature, because the author uses the line “The world is too much with us” (Wordsworth, 2014) twice in order to show that human thoughts are too far from nature. It is possible to assume that nature symbolizes the eternal existence of the universe. But thy eternal summer shall not fade, Historically, the theme of summertime has always been used to evoke a certain amount of beauty, particularly in poetry. By chance or nature’s changing course untrimm’d; The first thirteen lines are divided into three quatrains, and the last two lines make a couplet. Nov 15, 2019 And summer’s lease hath all too short a date: ... Theme. Moreover, Proteus and Triton symbolize power that God presented them to rule the world. In this case, nature resembles a living creature that has some power to destroy human beauty, and it is like a man that can show his strength. The speaker asks his/her beloved whether he/she should compare him to a summer day. ( Log Out / By chance, or nature’s changing course untrimmed: In lines 5-8, Shakespeare continues his analysis of the ways in which the young man is better than a summer’s day: sometimes the sun (‘the eye of heaven’) shines too brightly (i.e. But what is William Shakespeare’s Sonnet 18 actually saying? This shows that he/she is a poet. Petrarch, an Italian poet and a philosopher, introduced this form for the first time in the fourteenth century in Italy. We cannot be sure who arranged the sonnets into the order in which they were printed in 1609 (in the first full printing of the poems, featuring that enigmatic dedication to ‘Mr W. H.’), but it is suggestive that Sonnet 18, in which Shakespeare proudly announces his intention of immortalising the Fair Youth with his pen, follows a series of sonnets in which Shakespeare’s pen had urged the Fair Youth to marry and sire offspring as his one chance of immortality. study guide on the planet. This context specifies that the speaker is praising the beauty of a guy and comparing his beauty to the pleasant aspects of summer. When in eternal lines to time thou grow’st, Although in Sonnet 130, Shakespeare is mocking the over-flowery language, in Sonnet 18, Shakespeare’s simplicity of imagery shows that that is not the case. Some of these sonnets directly persuade the guy to marry while the rest addresses general themes like mortality, the value of poetry, and the attainment of immortality. In fact, scholars have argued that, as a love poem, the vagueness of the beloved’s description leads them to believe that it is not a love poem written to a person, but a love poem about itself; a love poem about love poetry, which shall live on with the excuse of being a love poem. We respect your privacy and take protecting it seriously. Thou art more lovely and more temperate: Describing nature, the author uses a simile and personification at once saying, “And every fair from fair sometime declines,/ By chance, or nature’s changing course, untrimmed” (Shakespeare, 2014). Then it’s followed by the complaint of summer passes too quickly, which metaphorically suggests that all beauty is only temporary, all pleasant thing must come to an end at some point. The poem is written in the form of a sonnet. “Shall I compare thee to a summer’s day?” is one of his most beautiful pieces of poetry. In this post, we’re going to look beyond that opening line, and the poem’s reputation, and attempt a short summary and analysis of Sonnet 18 in terms of its language, meaning, and themes. As for Shakespeare, he addresses his message to nature stating that nature destroys human beauty and life leading to death. Eternal lines of verse would make an eternal summer of her beauty denying Death and Time and their power of destruction. The next two lines refer to an unavoidable truth that all beautiful things will eventually grow fainter as time goes by, and because of the strenuous encounters in life. The tone of this sonnet is very elegant and suavely romantic, which creates a heart-warming mood for the readers. These lines do not come under the influence of time and will be able to remain in world till the end of time. Interesting Literature is a participant in the Amazon EU Associates Programme, an affiliate advertising programme designed to provide a means for sites to earn advertising fees by linking to Amazon.co.uk. This use of metaphor is intended to further elevate the status of the speaker’s beloved by showing that he is even better than heavenly entities. Our Letter Writing Service Is the Way to Success! They settle down once I explain how “the fair youth” probably sponsored Shakespeare and in return he paid tribute to his patron. He wrote many famous plays and sonnets. Nature will exist eternally, but human beauty and love are temporary. But thy eternal summer shall not fade, In the poem “Shall I Compare thee to a Summer’s Day?” by William Shakespeare happens to be a sonnet.To begin with, the sonnet mentioned above is called a Shakespearean sonnet. In the sixth line of the poem, the metaphor “his gold complexion” is used to refer to sunshine. The fifth and sixth lines have brilliant personifications of the sun as “the eyes of heaven” and “his golden complexion”. THEMES. There is an easy music to the poem, set up by that opening line: look at repetition of ‘summer’ and ‘some’, which strikes us as natural and not contrived, unlike some of the effects Shakespeare had created in the earlier sonnets: ‘summer’s day’, ‘summer’s lease’, ‘Sometime too hot’, ‘sometime declines’, ‘eternal summer’. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. There is also a simile, where the author compares the winds with flowers because both of them are very gentle. Whenever people read this verse, they certainly remember the poet’s beloved and she is brought to life in the mind of the readers. This question plays the role of informing the reader about the ensuing comparison in the rest of the poem. Elise has been analysing poetry as part of the Poem Analysis team for neary 2 years, continually providing a great insight and understanding into poetry from the past and present. So long as men can breathe or eyes can see, / So long lives this, and this gives life to thee. The speaker, however, promises his beloved to protect him from such a future by immortalizing him in his poetry. The rhyme scheme of the sonnet is ababcdcdefefgg. Time will never be able to take it from you. is one of the Fair Youth poems, addressed to a mysterious male figure that scholars have been unable to pin down. This sonnet has three quatrains and a couplet. The last two lines of the sonnet make a couplet where the speaker talks of his arsenal in his fight against mortality and death. When the dedication is laid out in a grid acrostic words are formed which “map” to Sonnet numbers. attempts to justify the speaker’s beloved’s beauty by comparing it to a summer’s day, and comes to the conclusion that his beloved is better after listing some of the summer’s negative qualities. Sonnet 18 has undoubtedly become a favourite love poem in the language because its message and meaning are relatively easy to decipher and analyse.