Oxford: The Clarendon Press, 1972. Blake’s invention made it possible to print both the text of his poems and the images that he created to illustrate them from the same copper plate, by etching both in relief (in contrast to conventional etching or engraving in intaglio). 8 See Malkin (xx–xxi). Figure 7: Title page, Joseph Ritson (ed.). Figure 20: Wiping ink smudges and driblets after inking replica of Plate 12. Figure 17: Selection (left) of two ink dabbers used to ink intaglio etched or engraved copper plates, (centre) ink ball, and (right) two ink daubers or balls prepared to ink replica relief-etched copper plates. It's like the Hindu gods where they have all these different incarnations but it's still the same force behind it.. This is not a genre record. 2 The factual records in so far as they are known are given in Blake Records (43-44). In A Treatise on Wood Engraving (1839), John Jackson and W. A. Chatto describe what was involved, in what is the only first-hand account of how Blake prepared his relief-etched copper plates for printing: As it is difficult, according to Blake’s process, to corrode the large white parts to a depth sufficient to prevent their being touched by the dauber or ball in the process of inking, and thus preventing a soiled appearance in the impression, he was accustomed to wipe the ink out where it had touched in the hollows. URL : http://preo.u-bourgogne.fr/interfaces/index.php?id=489, University of York,Michael Phillips taught English literature at Oxford, University College London and Edinburgh University before joining the interdisciplinary Centre for Eighteenth Century Studies at the University of York, where he is now an Emeritus Fellow. Figure 15: Colour-printed impression of “London”, Figure 16: Fragment of cancelled plate from. Inspired by the combinations of word and image he found in medieval illuminated manuscripts, Blake invented a method he called ‘Illuminated Printing’ that made it possible to print text and image together from the same copper plate in his engraver’s rolling press. His desire to emulate them fostered the innovation that made it possible, described so appositely in his prospectus as “Illuminated Printing”. Of course it has become excessively rare, the specimen here described having been obtained only at the last moment, through perseveringly kind efforts on the part of Mr. Frost”. Figure 9: Copper plate prepared for intaglio etching. It formed a work of composite art of word and image, written and drawn in reverse in stop-out varnish in preparation for etching (Figures 14 and 15). Figure 25: Title page, Songs of Innocence (1789). The lecture will explain Blake's invention in the context of conventional eighteenth … Figure 18: Replica relief-etched copper plate of Plate 12. 17:15 - 18:30. Figure 19: Inking replica of Plate 12, America a Prophecy, by Michael Phillips. Michael Phillips taught at Oxford, University College London and Edinburgh University before joining the interdisciplinary Centre for Eighteenth Century Studies at the University of York, where he is now Emeritus Fellow. The Complete Poetry and Prose of William Blake, Newly Revised Edition. 10Both properties were crucial. William Blake, The Marriage of Heaven and Hell. http://williamblakeprints.co.uk, Site map – Publishing policies – Syndication, Published with Lodel – Administration only, “Printing in the infernal method”: William Blake’s method of “Illuminated Printing”, En 1788, William Blake invente une méthode d’impression révolutionnaire qui lui permet d’imprimer en même temps ses poèmes et les images qu’il avait créées pour les illustrer, à partir de la même plaque de cuivre, gravée en relief - au contraire de la méthode habituelle, de taille en creux – sur sa propre presse. Figure 5: Denis Diderot and Jean Le Rond d’Alembert. The paper explains and illustrates Blake's invention in the context of conventional eighteenth-century illustrated book production, which required two fundamentally different kinds of printing press, a screw- or letter-press as well as a rolling-press, and numbers of highly skilled specialist pressmen. William Blake: Apprentice & Master. Vol. Engraving by William Blake after a design by Thomas Stothard. This has far-reaching consequences for the numbers of copies produced. In 1788 William Blake invented a technically revolutionary method of printing both word and image together that he called ‘Illuminated Printing.’ Blake’s invention made it possible to print both the text of his poems and the images that he created to illustrate them from the same copper plate, etched in relief (in contrast to conventional etching or engraving in intaglio), unassisted, using his own rolling-press. London and Princeton: The British Library and Princeton University Press, 2000. In the space left blank for the illustration, the engraved plate was then printed in a rolling press. Figure 16: Fragment of cancelled plate from America a Prophecy, 1793.
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