It may also from the rational and logical systematization of thought, such as what happens in philosophy. The term philosophy comes from two Greek words filos (philos), meaning 'love', and sofia (sophia), meaning 'wisdom'. For example, the knowledge about the name of a god (simple knowledge) is less important than an epic about the same god (complex knowledge), and certainly much less than a the theological discourse about the same god (more complex knowledge); or the knowledge about the fact that steam has pressure (simple knowledge), is less important than the knowledge about waterwheels (complex knowledge), and certainly much less than the knowledge about hydraulics (more complex knowledge). This other way is philosophy. How can one scientifically investigate the very human phenomenon of love, when love is something that cannot be experimented on? *Psychological Determinism —human actions are not free. We have to know the good from the evil, we have to understand the values that surround us, we have to grasp the meaning of life for us to draw our own bearings and direction, and we have to grasp the meaning of love for us to love better. *Faculty of reason— intellect or mind, it allows us to pursue our questions so we can come nearer to the truth. When this happens, we loose many valuable aspects of knowledge. Hence, the philosophy of the human person does not study only the human person, but also includes the investigations into such person's internal worlds of ideas, thoughts and emotions, as well as such person's social world of inter-subjectivity. And it follows that the more complex the knowledge is, the more important it becomes for the human group where it emerged. Unconscious— refers to those fears, motives, sexual desires, wishes, urges, needs and past experience that a person is currently aware of and which cannot be easily brought to the conscious level. This paints a rather dreary picture of philosophy that makes it unappealing to many students. There is another way of knowing and understanding that is both older and runs deeper than science. This makes philosophy not a thing or a finished text, but the process of asking questions and finding answers no matter how tentative these answers may turn out to be. Methods of Philosophizing III. Introduction to Philosophy of the Human Person The Human Person in their Environment Compostela Valley Institute of Technology, Inc. Purok 6A, San Jose, Montevista, Davao de Oro Module 4 Page 1 Learning Competency Notice Things that are not their proper place and organize them in an aesthetic way. Historically, science was born from the bosom of philosophy. Introduction to Philosophy of the Human Person. How can one scientifically investigate the problems of goodness or evil, when good and evil do not yield to quantification? *Philosophical Questions— questions that has no conclusive or final answers. It would be crazy to say that philosophy is better than science, for that is not just the case. This new understanding stresses the fact that philosophy is an attitude of life, and not a set of well-defined doctrines of the ages past. Conscious— pertains to current awareness. —human actions are not free. For humanity, simple knowledge is less important than complex ones. Specifically, we will discuss the idea of what it is to be human, what it is to be an individual, and what it is to be the same individual over time; the phenomenon of human knowing and the nature of mind; the possibility of immortality and the relationship between soul or mind and body; the opposition between freedom and determinism; and the significance of the social dimension of human existence. In the Philippines, for instance, many people still believe in our traditional medical lore, but such a persistent belief is already tinged with conditionality. In fact, we have stated above that each complex knowledge can be valid and reliable in its own right. Faculty: Maria Carl. In exploring this topic, we will focus on accounts of the nature and limits of human knowledge and on discussions of the human mind and its relation to the body. Whereas the philosophy of the human person and the Geisteswissenschaften are similar in one fundamental aspect, that is in their having an identical object of inquiry; they differ in two other fundamental aspects, namely in their procedures and output. More basically, philosophy is an attitude and the desire to ask questions in order to find out some important things. “All actions are being driven by motives (libido).” —Sigmund Freud. Each section explores two or more of the following fundamental philosophical questions: the problem of human knowing, the mind/body problem, the problem of personal identity, the problem of freedom and determinism, and the problem of other persons. Whereas the Geisteswissenschaften use empirical and quantitative approach in studying their object of inquiry and are aimed at the acquisition of descriptive knowledge, the philosophy of the human person uses the theoretical and reflective approach, and is aimed at the acquisition interpretive and prescriptive knowledge. Preconscious— memories and stored knowledge that a person is not currently aware but can be brought to the present awareness easily by the process of remembering. However, there is general type of science that is similar to the philosophy of the human person in the sense that it also has the human person as well as his internal and social worlds as its inquired object. THE MEANING OF PHILOSOPHY OF THE HUMAN PERSON. Knowledge can either be simple (that is, knowledge about isolated facts, for instance that the sky is blue, or that the grass is green) or complex (that is, aggregate of more than one simple knowledge organized into a system, for instance an ideology, or a discipline). The human person who is formerly and presently the inquiring subject, become simultaneously the inquired object.