The twelfth and thirteenth components are sociological, specifically addressing occupation and recreation. Work in such a way that there is a sense of accomplishment. The nurse should be an independent practitioner able to make an independent judgment. In 1923, she started teaching nursing at the Norfolk Protestant Hospital in Virginia. Her theory and 14 components are relatively simple, logical, and can be applied to individuals of all ages. Until 1975, the fifth edition of the book was the most widely adopted nursing textbook in English and Spanish by various schools of nursing. Nurses need to stress the promotion of health and prevention, as well as the curing of diseases. The following are the major concepts (nursing metaparadigm) and definitions of the Need Theory of Virginia Henderson. The second assumption states that nurses are willing to serve and that “nurses will devote themselves to the patient day and night.” Finally, the third assumption is that nurses should be educated at the college level in both sciences and arts. Psychological Aspects of Communicating and Learning, Sociologically Oriented to Occupation and Recreation, Henderson’s 14 Components as Applied to Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs. In turn, the nurse collaborates with the physician’s therapeutic plan. Her emphasis on basic human needs as the central focus of nursing practice has led to further theory development regarding the needs of the patient and how nursing can assist in meeting those needs. Hello , can i have permission to cite you in my research paper ? The nature of nursing. There are fourteen components based on human needs that make up nursing activities. Ihre Biografie und die genaue Erklärung der Theorien waren sehr nützlich für unser Referat über virginia henderson das wir im Rahmen unserer Ausbildung im Fach pflegetheorie über virginia henderson halten müssen darf ich ihre Seite als Quelle angeben und für dieses Referat benutzen? Virginia Henderson, 98, Teacher of Nurses, Dies. During her 50-year career in nursing and opportunity to review the writings of all principal authors who wrote in English, she fashioned a work that both thoroughly criticized health care and offered nurses an opportunity to correct the shortcomings. My I cite your work as a reference in my paper. Virginia Avenel Henderson, RN, MA. Norwalk, Connecticut: Appleton & Lange. In George, J. Henderson’s definition of nursing states: “I say that the nurse does for others what they would do for themselves if they had the strength, the will, and the knowledge. Virginia A. Henderson (1897-1996) 1996 Inductee. “I believe that the function the nurse performs is primarily an independent one – that of acting for the patient when he lacks knowledge, physical strength, or the will to act for himself as he would ordinarily act in health, or in carrying out prescribed therapy. Her definition of nursing and the 14 components of basic nursing care are uncomplicated and self-explanatory. Work in such a way that there is sense of accomplishment, 13. In 1985, Henderson was honored at the Annual Meeting of the Nursing and Allied Health Section of the Medical Library Association. Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory addresses this issue and helps nurses help patients so that they can care for themselves when they leave the healthcare facility. The theory focuses on the importance of increasing the patient’s independence to hasten their progress in the hospital. Maslow's theory is predicated on a breakdown of five basic needs: physiological needs (food, water), safety, love and belonging, esteem and self actualization. The following year, in 1930, she was a nurse supervisor and clinical instructor at the outpatient department of Strong Memorial Hospital, Rochester, New York. The Nursing Studies Index (ICN, 1963) is one of the prominent works of Henderson. Henderson, V. (1991). 50+ Tips & Techniques on IV... IV Fluids and Solutions Guide & Cheat Sheet (2020 Update), Cranial Nerves Assessment Chart and Cheat Sheet, Diabetes Mellitus Reviewer and NCLEX Questions (100 Items), Drug Dosage Calculations NCLEX Practice Questions (100+ Items), 6. Henderson’s goal was not to develop a theory of nursing, but rather to define the unique focus of nursing practice. Angelo aims to build a good foundation for aspiring nurses. From 1934 to 1948, 14 years of her career, she worked as an instructor and associate professor at Teachers College, Columbia University in New York. She took this philosophy to new heights by eliminating medical jargon from the text and declaring it as a reference for those who want to guard their own or their family’s health or take care of a sick relative or a friend. It is equated with the independence or ability to perform activities without any aid in the 14 components or basic human needs. The 14 components of Virginia Hendersons Need Theory show a holistic approach to nursing that covers the physiological, psychological, spiritual and social needs. Henderson’s theory emphasizes on the basic human needs and how nurses can assist in meeting those needs. © Copyright 2020 Alice Petiprin, Nursing-Theory.org. The prioritization of the 14 Activities was not clearly explained whether the first one is prerequisite to the other. According to her, an individual achieves wholeness by maintaining physiological and emotional balance. She defined nursing as “the unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge. All Rights Reserved, Nursing Theories and a Philosophy of Nursing, A Statistical Look at Patient-Centered Care, Nemours Brings Nursing Opportunities to Central Florida, How Have the Sequester Cuts Affected Nursing and Health Care. Wonderful research, may I cite your work as a reference? Nursing theories have been developed by a large number of leaders in the nursing field. The given term paper will present a detailed critique of Henderson’s Needs Theory through utilizing Chinn and Kramer’s basis for evaluation of nursing … That is, dress and undress appropriately. The environment also includes individuals in relation to families. There is an absence of a conceptual diagram that interconnects the 14 concepts and subconcepts of Henderson’s theory. Virginia Avenel Henderson (November 30, 1897 – March 19, 1996) was a nurse, theorist, and author known for her Need Theory and defining nursing as: “The unique function of the nurse is to assist the individual, sick or well, in the performance of those activities contributing to health or its recovery (or to peaceful death) that he would perform unaided if he had the necessary strength, will or knowledge.” Henderson is also known as “The First Lady of Nursing,” “The Nightingale of Modern Nursing,” “Modern-Day Mother of Nursing,” and “The 20th Century Florence Nightingale.”. Although not precisely explained, (2) patients desire to return to health. Throughout the years, she helped remedy the view of nurses in part through exhaustive research that helped establish the scholarly underpinnings of her professions. 12. This function is seen as complex and creative, as offering unlimited opportunity for the application of the physical, biological, and social sciences and the development of skills based on them.” (Henderson, 1960), The assumptions of Virginia Henderson’s Need Theory are: (1) Nurses care for patients until they can care for themselves once again. Henderson’s theory supports the tasks of the private and the public health sector or agencies in keeping the people healthy. 14. Communicate with others in expressing emotions, needs, fears, or opinions. The first nine components are physiological. Patient Positioning: Complete Guide for Nurses, Registered Nurse Career Guide: How to Become a Registered Nurse (RN), NCLEX Questions Nursing Test Bank and Review, Nursing Care Plans (NCP): Ultimate Guide and Database, Nursing Diagnosis Guide: All You Need to Know to Master Diagnosing. Since there is much similarity, Henderson’s 14 components can be applied or compared to Abraham Maslow‘s Hierarchy of Needs. And to do this in such a way as to help him gain independence as rapidly as possible.” The nurse’s goal is to make the patient complete, whole, or independent. Her emphasis on basic human needs as the central focus of nursing practice has led to further theory development regarding the needs of the person and how nursing can assist in meeting those needs. Communicate with others in expressing emotions, needs, fears, or opinions. Christiane Reimann Prize. Avoid dangers in the environment and avoid injuring others. She defined the patient as someone who needs nursing care but did not limit nursing to illness care. Biography of Virginia Henderson Virginia … (n.d.). In McEwen, M. and Wills, E. In 1988, she was honored by the Virginia Nurses Association when the Virginia Historical Nurse Leadership Award was presented to her.
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