lipaphis erysimi control

In: The book of economic insects in China. Studies on the effect of temperature revealed the best overall rearing of C. carnea at 28 ± 1 °C. Annu Rep Kansai Plant Protect Soc 40:151–152, Koch RL, Galvan TL (2008) Bad side of a good beetle: the North American experience with Harmonia axyridis. Journal of Aphidology. A key characteristic of this aphid is the pore-like cornicles, which make them seem to lack cornicles. The differential timing of individual tissues passing through this critical period results in intermediates. Adults are usually wingless. Aphids on the World's Crops. Biology and seasonal incidence of Lipaphis erysimi Kalt. Cotton aphids can form large colonies and are not covered with waxy secretions. Studies using the electrical penetration graph (EPG, Fig. Crop Research (Hisar), 7(1):116-119, Singh H, Singh B, Gupta SK, Singh H, 1993. Field evaluation of some insecticides for the control of the mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi Kaltenbach. Selective insecticides fit well in an IPM program. Similar tests have also been done to determine the transmission efficiency of aphid species in transmitting PVY to potato. When aphid populations are small, parasites and predators can frequently eliminate them. PDF | The field experiment was conducted in randomized block design with three replications of eight treatments for a crop season of the year i.e. Different off-season hosts have been recorded for this pest like Asvagandha (Withania somnifera) from May to July, cauliflower (B. oleracea) from August to March, cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. “Toria” and B. juncea, which strongly suggests that hybrid cultivars based on selfincompatible material should be produced. Scale bar: 51 mm. B. juncea selections are reported to possess better tolerance to mustard aphid than B. campestris selection (Rai and Sehgal, 1975; Rai et al., 1987). This is particularly beneficial late in the season when coverage of some cruciferous crops is very difficult because of crop structure. Once these crops are heading, control is needed if only a few aphids are present. Raychaudhuri DN, ed. The cauda is the structure at the rear end of the body. (B) Hydroprene (1 mg μL- 1 acetone) was applied topically at different time points AEFL. Journal of Entomological Research, 17(2):155-157, Laurence GA, 1980. Indian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 51(9):690-692. Influence of neem seed kernel extract on the development of Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.). Adult syrphid fly foraging on a mustard flower for nectar. Indian Journal of Entomology, 55(1):58-61. Hou YM, Liu SY, 1994. Outbreak of the painted bug, Bagrada hilaris (Burm.) A number of cytoplasmic male sterility (CMS) systems are available in crucifers, which are being utilized for the production of hybrids. In the case of the mustard aphids, heavily infested twigs removed without disturbing the whole plant can check their proliferation. Both adults and larvae of H. axyridis were observed to be effective biocontrol agents, markedly decreasing the numbers of aphids. By continuing you agree to the use of cookies. Journal of Insect Science, 5(1):37-39, Bhadauria NS, Bahadur J, Dhamdhere SV, Jakhmola SS, 1992. Aphids of New Zealand. Lipaphis erysimi. Cruciferous crops (including cabbage, collards, cauliflower, broccoli and kale) are produced throughout much of Texas, with most commercial production in the Lower Rio Grande Valley and Winter Garden areas. Agarwala BK, Dutta S, Raychaudhuri DN, 1983. PKV Research Journal, 22(2):214-216; 6 ref. 20.7). Turnip aphid hosts include mustard, radish, turnip, watercress and other crucifers, particularly in the seedling stage. It is much lighter on winged adults than on wingless adults. Homoptera. Impact of aphid (Lipaphis erysimi) intensity on plant growth and seed characters of Indian mustard. These aphids have a slightly visible thin layer of white, waxy secretions (much less than the cabbage aphid). In general, the older broad-spectrum insecticides (organophosphates, carbamates, pyrethroids) kill more pests, work faster and cost less. Indian Journal of Entomology, 46(2):250-253. Chemical control of Canola aphid (Lipaphis erysimi Kalt) was conducted at Agricultural Farm, Faculty of Agriculture and Agricultural Farm, Gomal University. 0000003707 00000 n Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London). The composition of Brassica oil varies from species to species and further depends on various genetic and environmental factors. Shukla AN, Singh R, Tripathi CPM, 1990. Bangladesh Journal of Zoology. Because of this flexibility, a population can increase very rapidly when conditions are favorable. 156-183. Adults and nymphs feed on the roots of some cruciferous crops. The entire life cycle can be completed within a few weeks, or it may require up to 2 months, depending on the temperature. Winged females are far less common. BioControl 53:23–35, Kuroda T, Miura K (2003) Comparison of the effectiveness of two methods for releasing Harmonia axyridis (Pallas) (Coleoptera: Coccinellidae) against Aphis gossypii Glover (Homoptera: Aphididae) on cucumbers in a greenhouse. (C) Larvae treated at 84 h AEFL arrested growth as larval–pupal intermediates (40%) with the development of wing pads (black arrow) and the remaining 60% remained as larvae. Islam N, Bhuiyah M I M, Begum A, Karim M A, 1991. Phytophylactica, 3(1):15-28. Figure 20.10. 0000005555 00000 n Uttam SK, Mohan K, Tripathi RA, 1993. The complete nucleotide sequence of a sweet potato feathery mottle virus severe strain (SPFMV-S) genomic RNA was determined from overlapping cDNA clones and by directly sequencing viral RNA. in Assam. Misra H P, 1993. Estimation of avoidable losses to mustard by the aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) The penultimate larval instars were sensitive to hydroprene until 60 h after ecdysis into the final instar. Insecta Matsumarana, 34(1):188. Jerusalem, 5 + ] 378 pp. Imidacloprid application, as a seed coating agent on oilseed rape, is recommended to control mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kaltenbach) (Hemiptera: Aphididae). The biology of Chrysoperla zastrowi sillemi (Esben-Petersen) was evaluated against five prey aphids (Lipaphis erysimi Kaltenbach; Myzus persicae (Sulzer); Brevicoryne brassicae L.; Aphis craccivora Koch; and Aphis spiraecola Patch) and eggs of Corcyra cephalonica (Stainton). 68 (4), 329-333. Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology, 45(1):41-46. Kanth R H, Shah M H, Bali A S, 2000. Field margins should be checked because pests there may move into the field, but the numbers of pests in the margins should not be used as an indication of the overall population of the field. Many species of the insect pests that attack the oilseed Brassica crops also attack other cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage and radish. Population ecology of Lipaphis erysimi Kalt. Lal MN, Singh SS, Singh VP, 1999. The antennae and cornicles are the same color as the body, but slightly darker at the end. Indian Journal of Plant Protection, 8(2):151-153. Hydroprene blocked larval–pupal metamorphosis when applied at 72 h after ecdysis into the final instar, and all the larvae died during the quiescent stage. Although sequential planting extends harvesting, it also may lead to the buildup of many pest populations, including aphids. Clades corresponding to described virus species are shaded in different colors. Field efficacy of chlorpyriphos and quinalphos EC and dusts as compared to oxydemeton-methyl EC against aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt) on rapeseed crop. Surprisingly, the topical application of hydroprene showed various phenotypes. Specimen record from the collection in the Natural History Museum (London, UK)., London, UK: Natural History Museum (London). Detailed coverage of invasive species threatening livelihoods and the environment worldwide. Assessment of avoidable yield loss caused by green peach aphid, Myzus persicae Sulzer and mustard aphid, Lipaphis erysimi (Kalt.) NHM, 1957. Figure 20.6. 0000001068 00000 n NHM, 1936. capitata), Indian mustard (Brassica juncea) and radish (Raphanus sativus) from March to April, (Chandra and Kushwaha, 1987). (A) Insects were fed on 0.5 ppm of hydroprene in diet at different time points (indicated on the x-axis) after ecdysis into the final instar (AEFL). In Canada, it is found in the southernmost regions of the country from the east coast to the west coast.

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