Juan sacaba a su perro a pasear tres veces al día. → It was a warm afternoon. Hace meses que no trabajaba menos de 70 horas a la semana. The imperfect tense is used to refer to actions in the past that occurred repeatedly. In concrete terms, we use it: There is more than one past tense in Spanish grammar. Spanish Verb Conjugation: yo conocía, tú conocías, él / Ud.… Become a Lingolia Plus member to access these additional exercises. Since we have las 3, the verb has to be in the plural form. He used to train with his team every Tuesday and Thursday. Click here to get a copy. → feeling, Estaba muy enfermo. Let me just add that when I say “descriptions,” I am not only talking about physical descriptions like “The car was red” and “He was very tall.” Descriptions include not only physical traits but also feelings, mental actions, conditions and states. Estaba soleado y yo me sentía muy feliz. It is often equivalent to "was ___-ing" in English. It contrasts with the preterite tense, which expresses an action that took place at … → state, Pensaba en su futuro. Acababa de regresar de vacaciones. Mi padre se despertaba a las 5:00 am. Copyright © 2020 LoveToKnow. (I was taking a bath when you called.). NOTE: "dormir" and "querer" are irregular verbs but they have regular conjugation for the imperfect tense. Forms. Seriously, if I were to make a Top Three Easiest Tenses in Spanish, they would undoubtedly be: You do not need to believe me if you are not convinced. Pensé en ti muchas veces mientras/cuando estudiabas en Londres. The imperfect tense is also used to “set the stage” for an event that occurred in the past. ), Lloraba cada día. → I just got back from vacation. ), Era el año 1939, y nunca más volví a verlo. Exactly! (I was happily drinking tea and thinking about my beloved.). The last stop in our journey is getting to know the different uses this tense has in the Spanish … However, as you may have already guessed, we use the imperfect when talking about times and dates in the past. (We would often go fishing when we were on holiday. Could this be the reason why English, not Spanish, is the world’s lingua franca? As you can see, the situation is not as bad as you might think. When to Use the Spanish imperfect tense. If an action took place repeated times in the past, use the Spanish imperfect tense. ), Juan solía sacar a su perro a pasear tres veces al día. Mientras mis hijos dormían, yo trabajaba por la noche. There are only two sets of endings for regular imperfect verbs in Spanish, one for -ar verbs and one for both -er and -ir verbs. All Rights Reserved, When to Use the Imperfect Tense in Spanish. To make sure that you understand the correct answers, our answer keys offer simple explanations as well as handy tips and tricks. This can most easily be translated into English as “was doing something, would do something or used to do something.” Let’s take a look at some general uses of the Imperfect along with some examples: El muchacho parecía enojado. Hace muchos años que visitaba el pueblo donde nací. Don’t believe me? The imperfect tense in Spanish is the tense that expresses action in the past that has not been completed, that occurred habitually or frequently, or that took place over an indefinite period of time. The imperfecto and pretérito are often confusing for Spanish students – learn the difference. Mientras cocinabas, me fui a correr. Llamaste cuando me bañaba. ), Me escribía de vez en cuando. Think you’ve got it? Note that the yo and él forms are identical; if the context leaves ambiguity as to which person was doing the action, be sure to use the pronoun. Eran las 3 de la mañana cuando volviste. (Pedro used to sing the same song many times. ), Pedro solía cantar muchas veces la misma canción. → It’s been months since I’ve worked less than 70 hours a week. Times and dates in the present tense use the present simple. → What would you like? You can simply conjugate said infinitive in the imperfect tense and the sentence will mean the same: María solía comer galletas cada tarde. The imperfect is frequently associated with phrases that describe the frequency of past actions. Revising Spanish grammar - imperfect tense. The imperfect tense is used to talk about a past action or state of being without specifying when it began or ended. And as always, happy learning! However, the use of this verb is not compulsory. Boys and girls, I was not lying! Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. The imperfect tense has a special connotation in Spanish, and it is a part of the language that needs to be understood properly. → They were going to pick me up but their car broke down. A very important verb here is soler (tend to, used to), which is always followed by an infinitive. In tense comparison, you will find an overview of all the tenses in Spanish grammar. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. (I used to eat a lot more during that time. Yo caminaba cada día. Have a look: Juan cantaba una canción mientras Ana regaba las plantas. See the subjunctive tenses for the conjugation and usage of the imperfect subjunctive. → We were going to see the movie but it was sold out. El autobús siempre pasaba a las 6:15 am. Imperfect Tense Conjugation of tener – Imperfecto (de indicativo) de tener. © 2020 Enux Education Limited. (It was 3 a.m. when you came back). ), Íbamos a pescar a menudo cuando estábamos de vacaciones. → We just arrived. Test yourself on imperfect conjugations: * Note: You must be logged into your Progress with Lawless Spanish account to take this test. The only exceptions are three little bad boys that decided to be irregular verbs. For an introduction to the topic and more in-depth explanations, see our grammar lessons starting with Preterite vs Imperfect I and Imperfect I. ), Generalmente iban a la playa por la mañana. Spanish has three past tenses that can be considered the kings of the past party (the imperfect, the preterite and the pluscuamperfecto). Note that the conjugation for -er and -ir verbs are the same: In the case of reflexive verbs, we always place the reflexive pronoun (me, te, se, nos, os, se) before the verb. I bet you imagine Juan and Ana in their living room as if a movie were taking place in front of your eyes!
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