It dries into that sugary white, fluffy stuff. When shoots have appeared on your plant, place it in a sunny spot and keep it well watered. Once your avocado seedling is established, pot it on into a large pot where it will have room to grow. The "bottom" is the fat end. Always check for the California label when you shop. Optimum fruit set occurs at temperatures between about 65 – 75 F. Cooler or warmer temperatures are less ideal.Under some conditions, you may get a fruit from a flower that did not pollinate properly. Every other day, change the water. Push four toothpicks into each seed, spacing them at equal distances around the seed's middle. Take three toothpicks and stick them at a slight downward angle into the avocado seed, spaced evenly around the circumference of the avocado. Fancy a challenge? Pick a couple of avocados and try to ripen them. Yellowing leaves are a sign of overwatering. Avocado ‘Brogden’ – a Mexican/West Indies hybrid, bred in Florida, that is hardy down to -6C. Remember that avocado trees do best at moderately warm temperatures (60 F to 85 F) with moderate humidity. Keep your avocado as a houseplant, or transplant … The avocado tree, however, alternates bearing. Really! When the roots are thick and the stem has leaves again, plant it in a rich humus soil in a 10½-inch-diameter pot, leaving the seed half exposed. Cover about an inch of the seed with water. Remember, full sun is best. There is also an area along the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains where avocados are being grown in Fresno and Tulare Counties. If you like a challenge and have plenty of patience, you can grow an avocado plant from a supermarket-bought avocado –simply pot the stone in a pot of moist compost and wait for the shoot to appear. Avocado trees can take up to ten years to bear fruit in the right conditions. Easy enough, right? Water your avocado plant. Don’t under or overwater it. Avocados won’t tolerate severe cold, so they usually need to be grown as houseplants or in a greenhouse in cool climates. Fill the pot with sandy potting soil, and insert the seed in the potting mix with the top half of the seed covered and only the stem exposed. Thoroughly wet the soil and let it go a little dry before another thorough watering. Commission, Copyright © 2020 California Avocado Most areas of Southern California are suitable for avocados, except for the mountains and high deserts, where it gets too cold and too dry for fruit set. These small, elongated fruit will often fall from the tree on their own, but if they “hang on” you can pick them and eat them. Reed, Bacon and Hass trees can ultimately grow to 35 feet in 30 years. Keep your plant well-watered and feed every two weeks with a liquid plant food during the growing season. Ordinary home fertilizer for houseplants will normally work. This is called fruit drop. Or at least move it outdoors for the summer months. When the stem is 6 to 7 inches long, cut it back to about 3 inches. If they shrivel up or seem rubbery instead of soft, they are not mature yet. Avocado trees can take up to ten years to bear fruit in the right conditions. We have all seen lovely photos of avocado seeds on toothpicks over a jar of water. Rinse the avocado seeds in lukewarm tap water, and remove avocado residue from each seed's surface. These fruit are called “cukes” but are sometimes marketed in stores as “Cocktail” or “Finger” avocados. And don’t forget: the more sunlight, the better. Set it on the rim of a glass or jar and fill it up. It is just sap coming from a wound. * Please note: The California Avocado Commission provides this information as a convenience to you; it should not be considered an endorsement by the Commission of a third-party website or the company who owns it. Still, there are home growers with avocado trees in and around San Francisco. Growth is reflected in rootstock, variety, soil depth and texture, windiness, irrigation and pruning. When the stem is 12 inches high, cut it back to 6 inches to encourage the growth of new shoots. These dates depend a lot on where you live and climate conditions. Avocados are native to central America, so need plenty of warmth, sunshine and moisture. Avocado stones can be coaxed into germinating with some heat, moisture and a humid atmosphere.