Another one was the Italian philosopher Giordano Bruno who was burned at the stake in 1600 CE, for daring to suggest that the Earth was not the only planet where rational, technical beings existed. In the course of history, Socrates was not the only philosopher who paid a high price for his philosophical independence of thinking. As an undergraduate student, Bert Olivier discovered Philosophy more or less by accident, but has never regretted it. @SkyWhisperer - Socrates was certainly unconventional for his day. Although Socrates is the central figure of this play, it was not Aristophanes’ purpose to give a balanced and accurate portrait of him (comedy never aspires to this) but rather to use him to represent certain intellectual trends in contemporary Athens—the study of language and nature and, as Aristophanes implies, the amoralism and atheism that accompany these pursuits. He was arguably guilty of the crimes with which he was charged, impiety and corrupting the youth, because he did reject the city’s gods and he did inspire disrespect for authority among his youthful followers (though that was not his intention). It is unlikely to have been intended as a report of one of Socrates’ conversations. The most vivid portraits of Socrates exist in Plato’s dialogues, in most of which the principal speaker is “Socrates.” However, the views expressed by the character are not consistent across the dialogues, and in some dialogues the character expresses views that are clearly Plato’s own. I’ve never understood why he chafed at the notion of pleasing God, considering his culture was rife with gods of one sort or another. Socrates, the philosopher who was the teacher of another (even more famous) philosopher, Plato, was condemned to death by a jury of his fellow Athenians in 399 BCE, allegedly for leading the youth of the polis (city-state) astray or “corrupting” them — essentially, for encouraging them not to honour the deities of the city. Socrates was born c. 469/470 BCE to the sculptor Sophronicus and the mid-wife Phaenarete. Socrates served … Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? As a student of the philosophy of Socrates, Plato revealed some of the ideas of his former mentor in his own philosophical teachings. The Greek philosopher upheld the idea, however, that individuals should not deliberately act out against the laws of the government. Socrates, (born c. 470 bce, Athens [Greece]—died 399 bce, Athens), Greek philosopher whose way of life, character, and thought exerted a profound influence on ancient and modern philosophy. According to Socrates, one of the ways to discover truth and knowledge was through two-way communication. Socrates was widely hated in Athens, mainly because he regularly embarrassed people by making them appear ignorant and foolish. His style of philosophizing was to engage in public conversations about some human excellence and, through skillful questioning, to show that his interlocutors did not know what they were talking about. Discussions about widely accepted and practiced beliefs as well as traditions and institutions helped uncover and challenge the premises behind them. Xenophon’s Oeconomicus (literally: “estate manager”), a Socratic conversation concerning household organization and the skills needed by the independent farmer, is Xenophon’s attempt to bring the qualities he admired in Socrates to bear upon the subject of overseeing one’s property. and what is patently false. His philosophy is primarily based on the idea that dialogue can uncover knowledge and that individuals only commit virtuous acts if they are aware of what is good and what is evil. I loved reading Plato’s Dialogues and the Republic when I was in college. So, from the perspective of the Socratic lesson, that one should not honour the gods of the city — that is, that one should mistrust those serving the most powerful ideologies because it is in their own interest to consolidate and maintain their power over you — what should one do when confronting the very different messages represented by the two sources of information, above?
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