gerund vs infinitive rules

(functions as a noun, adjective or adverb), b) Gerunds. Some examples are eating, playing, and listening. Both gerunds and infinitives can be subjects in sentences, and both gerunds and infinitives can serve as the object of a verb. Once your students have had some practice using both gerunds and infinitives in separate lessons, combine them. I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. a) She enjoys (to ride) riding on the hills. (Correct), (contd..) Tips on Gerunds & Infinitives — (Incorrect)You should avoid driving at night. Gerund vs. Infinitive. Voir les statistiques de réussite de ce test d'anglais Merci de vous connecter au club pour sauvegarder votre résultat. Each of the following sentences will contain a mistake in the usage of Adjectives. (Correct), #18:The trainer let him to take a break. Rule 5: Bare infinitive is generally used after modal auxiliaries like can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, dare not, need not words etc in the sentence. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. I enjoy cooking. The best way for students to learn English is not to memorize rules and exceptions to rules but to hear sentences modeled correctly and practice them. Appear, Seem, Believe, Consider, Think, Report, Happen, Arrange, Pretend, Hope, Say: Continuous Infinitive is used with these verbs when needed. Enough: when used with ‘enough’, the infinitive expresses affirmative meaning. Subject: Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject. (Incorrect)It is no use waiting for her. Perfect Infinitive is used if the action expressed by the Infinitive precedes the action of the Finite verb OR in Third conditional sentences. Even at the intermediate level, this is typically not covered extensively and lesson plans instead focus on very specific structures such as “I like playing ~.” or “I like to play ~.”. (Incorrect)I still remember having met you last year in Mumbai. One example is “They were anxious to leave.” There are other structures that use infinitives as well. The more the better, as this material really must be memorised. With more advanced students or if the difference between gerunds and infinitives is covered in your textbook, you will have to address them in more detail. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). a) The coach called off practicing for the day. (Correct), #11:Why not to rest now? Many lessons can be centered around this information. (General/ habit), c) Infinitive: I like to swim today. A lesson teaching gerunds might focus on “I like playing/eating/reading ~.” and the question “What do you like doing?” When students create sentences that are incorrect, for instance “I like playing ski.” you can address the fact that ski does not follow the same rules as sports such as soccer, baseball, and basketball. Direct Gerund: certain verbs are followed directly by gerunds (e.g.) (Incorrect)My mother taught me how to cook food. (Incorrect)The train is expected to leave the station in five minutes. c) Naveen comes here with a view to studying. a) She gave me a pen to write with. It is no good . (‘To’ removed as followed by ‘would rather’), c) You must be joking! I quit smoking. (‘To’ removed as followed by modal verb ‘must). (Correct), #8:I still remember to meet you last year in Mumbai. b) You’d better be working on your report when I get there. Tip #5: Let, Bid, Know, Hear, Help, Watch. (Correct), #10:She confessed to cheat in the exam. Infinitives use to before the verb so the examples above would be to eat, to play, and to listen. (functions as a noun), c) Participle. A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. b) They offered me a bed to sleep in. Fill in the blanks with a gerund or an infinitive. 1. drugs is illegal. (Showing purpose for which the subject is used). It will be difficult for us . (Incorrect)He is addicted to watching TV continuously (Correct). (with perfect continuous infinitive form), d) Alice could be given a prize for her artwork. Let: is followed by Direct Infinitive both in active and passive voice. I like getting up early in summer. Both can be used as the subject or object of a sentence. “We … (Passive voice- infinitive, ‘to’ is used before ‘write’). Exercice d'anglais "Infinitif, forme en -ing / infinitive, gerund" créé par anonyme avec le générateur de tests - créez votre propre test ! worksheets, lesson plans,  activities, etc. c) She was sorry to have missed the show. She does not like swimming. Example: You need not to work hard. Frequently, the main verb in a sentence is followed by another verb which is either an infinitive with ‘to’ (ex. Let’s go shopping. (Here ‘like’ has ‘I’ as its subject so it is a Finite verb but ‘to give’ has no subject and limitation of number so it is a Non-Finite verb), a) Infinitives. How to Explain the Difference. After a preposition, you almost always will find a gerund. avoid doing). It would be better to select what key points you want to cover or spread these lessons out over the course of the year so that students do not become bored studying just one aspect of the English language. She is afraid of flying. You can give the class pairs of sentences where one sentence uses a gerund and the other uses the infinitive. To + Gerund: used after certain verbs and phrases like ‘be used to, with a view to, accustomed to, owing to, given to, look forward to, prone to, in addition to,’ etc. 4. (Active), Tip #6: Had better, As, Why Not, But, Except. (Active voice-direct infinitive, so no ‘to’ used before ‘write’), b) The student was made to write an essay. (Correct), #17:The train is expected leaving the station in five minutes.

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