friedrich nietzsche biography

[35] His body of work touched a wide range of topics, including art, philology, history, religion, tragedy, culture, and science, and drew early inspiration from figures such as philosopher Arthur Schopenhauer,[16] composer Richard Wagner,[16] and writer Johann Wolfgang von Goethe. While he did not live long enough to witness his fame, he did learn that his work was the subject of a series of lectures by Georg Morris Cohen Brandes, delivered at the University of Copenhagen in 1888. [132][133] Gotard Nietzsche, a member of the Nicki family, left Poland for Prussia. Hecker, Hellmuth. Pp. Pérez, Rolando. [253] Notably, he also read some of the posthumous works of Charles Baudelaire,[254] Tolstoy's My Religion, Ernest Renan's Life of Jesus, and Fyodor Dostoyevsky's Demons. Elisabeth and Friedrich, though very close during their childhood, had grown very distant by the 1880’s when Elisabeth married a man by the name of Bernhard Forster, a zealous German nationalist, white supremacist and anti-Semite. The two met Nietzsche in Rome in April 1882, and Nietzsche is believed to have instantly fallen in love with Salomé, as Rée had done. To comprehend eternal recurrence, and to not only come to peace with it but to embrace it, requires amor fati, "love of fate". desire this, but only man has achieved sufficient power to turn the Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900), German Philosopher. literature and the languages of literature) so impressed his teacher For Nietzsche, a fundamental shift took place during human history from thinking in terms of "good and bad" toward "good and evil. She rejected Nietzsche’s advances in favor of those of his friend Paul Rée. Steiner abandoned the attempt after only a few months, declaring that it was impossible to teach her anything about philosophy. For I am such and such a person. [106] Langbehn assumed progressively greater control of Nietzsche until his secretiveness discredited him. [citation needed], Nietzsche was an early influence on the poetry of Rainer Maria Rilke. are either criticisms of the old system of values or attempts to form a Richard Nixon read Nietzsche with "curious interest", and his book Beyond Peace might have taken its title from Nietzsche's book Beyond Good and Evil which Nixon read beforehand. Friedrich's father's death, when he … [223] With each repeat of events is the hope that some knowledge or awareness is gained to better the individual, hence "And thus it will happen one day that a man will be born again, just like me and a woman will be born, just like Mary—only that it is hoped to be that the head of this man may contain a little less foolishness...."[223]. Apollo represents harmony, progress, clarity, and logic, whereas Dionysus represents disorder, intoxication, emotion, and ecstasy. "[215] Of such forces Nietzsche said they could perhaps be viewed as a primitive form of the will. Nietzsche's works did not reach a wide readership during his active writing career. The three traveled with Salomé's mother through Italy and considered where they would set up their "Winterplan" commune. Nietzsche approached the problem of nihilism as a deeply personal one, stating that this problem of the modern world had "become conscious" in him. “IDYLLIC HEROISM: NIETZSCHE'S VIEW OF EPICURUS.” Journal of Nietzsche Studies, no. In Western philosophy, Nietzsche's writings have been described as a case of free revolutionary thought, that is, revolutionary in its structure and problems, although not tied to any revolutionary project. [159] In it, he asserted the Schopenhauerian judgment that music is a primary expression of the essence of everything. Nietzsche died in 1900. [268][269][270] H.L. Friedrich Nietzsche is primarily remembered by the general public for just two things, his utopian ideal of the Ubermensch (Overman, Superman or Ultraman; one who transcends humanity) and his famous quote from his controversial text, Beyond Good and Evil, which states, “He who fights with monsters should be careful, lest he thereby become a monster. In 1878 Nietzsche broke with Wagner and published Human, All-Too-Human, which marked a turn in style and analysis and powerfully attacked his former friend, whom he identified in the work only as “the artist.” By June 1879, Nietzsche’s deteriorating health led to his resignation from the university post—which he had held for ten years—at the age of 34. [111] Nietzsche had previously written, "All superior men who were irresistibly drawn to throw off the yoke of any kind of morality and to frame new laws had, if they were not actually mad, no alternative but to make themselves or pretend to be mad." He became the youngest ever to hold the … Man is something that shall be overcome. Friedrich Nietzsche died shortly after being placed under his sister’s care in 1900 and had gained such a popular reputation at that point that Hitler even attended his funeral (furthering the false allegations that he was a Nazi). He spent his winters in the Italian cities of Genoa, Rapallo, and Turin and the French city of Nice. man, no longer "the image of God," is a chance product of Friedrich Nietzsche was a classical philologist (someone whom studies the foundational schools of knowledge of the ancient Greeks and Romans, such as literature, law and philosophy) and philosopher whose work was extremely influential to many philosophical and political movements in the Western World and to Western intellectual thought in general. [54] Perhaps under Ortlepp's influence, he and a student named Richter returned to school drunk and encountered a teacher, resulting in Nietzsche's demotion from first in his class and the end of his status as a prefect.[55]. Yet they offer other examples in which Nietzsche expressed his affections to women, including Wagner's wife Cosima Wagner. "[229] Zarathustra presents the overman as the creator of new values, and he appears as a solution to the problem of the death of God and nihilism. Nietzsche: A Philosophical Biography. "[155], Because of Nietzsche's evocative style and provocative ideas, his philosophy generates passionate reactions. [200] Its cause, in his opinion, was the growth in European nationalism and the endemic "jealousy and hatred" of Jewish success. [June 1868] 1921. life-time. will find his existence meaningless. political and philosophical (having to do with knowledge) ideas. He was taken to his "[206] According to Nietzsche, it is only when nihilism is overcome that a culture can have a true foundation on which to thrive. [1987] 1988. However, eminent Nietzsche scholar Walter Kaufmann rejected this interpretation, writing that Nietzsche's analyses of these two types of morality were used only in a descriptive and historic sense; they were not meant for any kind of acceptance or glorification. [109], Nietzsche's mental illness was originally diagnosed as tertiary syphilis, in accordance with a prevailing medical paradigm of the time. But no sooner had it been Some[who?] "Roger Boscovich, Benedict de Spinoza and Friedrich Nietzsche: The Untold Story. In addition, Nietzsche attended the lectures of the classics scholar Friedrich Wilhelm Ritschl, who was known for his work on the Roman comic Plautus. J.L. Heidegger interpreted the death of God with what he explained as the death of metaphysics. "Nietzsches Staatsangehörigkeit als Rechtsfrage. Rev. "[244], Nietzsche expressed admiration for 17th-century French moralists such as La Rochefoucauld, La Bruyère and Vauvenargues,[245] as well as for Stendhal. In 1873, Nietzsche began to accumulate notes that would be posthumously published as Philosophy in the Tragic Age of the Greeks. Before him are Confucius, Immanuel Kant, René Descartes, Pythagoras, Avicenna, and Jean-Jacques Rousseau. As articulated in the 1898 novella Fenitschka, she viewed the idea of sexual intercourse as prohibitive and marriage as a violation, with some suggesting that they indicated sexual repression and neurosis. 1908. I teach you the overman. I believe it is one of the greatest crises, a moment of the deepest self-reflection of humanity. "Nietzsche's Vorfahren" (reprint). He began to send Since his childhood, various disruptive illnesses had plagued him, including moments of shortsightedness that left him nearly blind, migraine headaches, and violent indigestion. struggled to head off the disaster. Though having increasing pain from the ruthless progress of his Elaborating on the conception of Hamlet as an intellectual who cannot make up his mind, and is a living antithesis to the man of action, Nietzsche argues that a Dionysian figure possesses the knowledge that his actions cannot change the eternal balance of things, and it disgusts him enough not to act at all. family in with her mother and two sisters. ", The Shorter Routledge Encyclopedia of Philosophy, "Kasper Niesiecki, Herbarz Polski, wyd. While Nietzsche attacked the principles of Judaism, he was not antisemitic: in his work On the Genealogy of Morality, he explicitly condemned antisemitism and pointed out that his attack on Judaism was not an attack on contemporary Jewish people but specifically an attack upon the ancient Jewish priesthood who he claimed antisemitic Christians paradoxically based their views upon.

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