An official website of the United States government The Feeding the Economy study revealed U.S. jobs directly related to food and agriculture, including direct farming and ranching, manufacturing and wholesale and retail functions, total 22.8 million jobs, representing approximately 15 percent of all U.S. employment based on February 2019 Bureau of Labor Statistics employment data. Significant increases and variability in wage rates for the Department of Labor’s H-2A temporary agricultural guest worker program have long been a problem for farmers. Before sharing sensitive information, These reports provide information on agricultural employment, wage rates and H-2A prevailing wages and employment practices. We license all charts under Creative Commons BY. For example, during 2019, wage rates under the H-2A program increased by more than 20% in Colorado, Nevada and Utah. In addition, households may own multiple plots of land with different owners identified for each plot.”. USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service Information. A giant step in agriculture statistics. It is predominantly the huge productivity increase that makes this reduction in labor possible.Similarly, productivity gains makes it possible to reduce the agricultural land needed to feed a given number of people. The national average H-2A wage rate increased by 21.2% from 2015, and by nearly 6% in a single year from 2019 to 2020, e.g., 2019 H-2A Sets Records, While a 2020 AEWR Wage Increase Approaches. Lower employment, higher labour productivity, Notice: This is only a preliminary collection of relevant material, Employment in agriculture over the long-run, The share employed in agriculture around the world today. Data retrieved in June 21, 2020. The bubble chart shows the latest data across countries. Data retrieved in June 21, 2020. The original sources (pre-1800 data) for Broadberry and Gardner (2013) are Broadberry, S. N., Campbell, B. M. S., & van Leeuwen, B. Employment in Agriculture by Region; Total Employment by Region; Agricultural Wage Rates of Farm Workers by Type of Wages, Type of Farm Workers ... About CountrySTAT Philippines Food and Agriculture Statistics Metadata for National Agricultural Statistics. Figure 3 highlights the percent of the population directly employed in food and agriculture. Agriculture value added per worker is calculated as the total agricultural value added divided by the number of people employed in agriculture. At the national level, approximately 11 percent of food and agricultural jobs are in farming-related activities, while 89 percent of food and agricultural jobs are downstream in the supply chain. California leads the nation with 2.8 million direct food and agriculture jobs, followed by Texas at 2 million jobs and Florida at 1.4 million jobs. The actual years of measurement for each country can be found in the referenced FAO report and database. To learn more about cookies, click here. Help us do this work by making a donation. This entry can be cited as: Our World in Data is free and accessible for everyone. These direct jobs represent total wages of $729 billion and generate an economic output of $2.1 trillion dollars. However, this has significant variation across the world, without a strict continental pattern. firstname.lastname@example.org These food and agricultural jobs represent total wages of $729 billion, federal tax contributions of $537 billion, state tax contributions of $376 billion and generate economic output of $2.1 trillion -- proving that agriculture and its related industries have a sizable impact on the U.S. economy. Employment in agriculture, male (% of male employment) (modeled ILO estimate), Employment in services, male (% of male employment) (modeled ILO estimate), Employment in industry, male (% of male employment) (modeled ILO estimate), Employment in agriculture (% of total employment) (modeled ILO estimate), Employment in agriculture, female (% of female employment) (modeled ILO estimate), Child employment in agriculture, male (% of male economically active children ages 7-14), Child employment in agriculture, female (% of female economically active children ages 7-14), Child employment in agriculture (% of economically active children ages 7-14), International Comparison Program & Purchasing Power Parity, International Household Survey Network (IHSN), Trust Fund for Statistical Capacity Building. Thus, households may have multiple landowners. Figure 1 highlights direct agricultural jobs by state. The number of direct food and agricultural jobs is the highest in states with agricultural- and labor-intensive industries, as well as large population centers that support the retail food sectors. … Note that this census year is not consistent across all countries. How does the role of agriculture change as economies grow? In this map we see the share of agricultural landowners who are female as a percentage of total agricultural landowners. Market Intel The largest direct job category in food and agriculture is retail, e.g., grocery and food service, which represents 17 million jobs, or 75 percent of all direct agricultural and food jobs. If you have expertise in this area and would like to contribute, apply here to join us as a researcher.
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