Occupation, Business & Technology Education, Our Infrastructure Of Development:Education, Composition and Distribution of Population, Introduction and Importance of Population, Relation of Population with other Subjects, Role of Governmental And Non-Governmental Organization in Population Management, Introduction and Importance of Population Management, Service as an Important Economic Activity, Present State Of Service Sectors And Its Importance, Our International Relation and Cooperation, Introduction to International Relation and Cooperation, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC). They were in different sizes. They used coppers, brass and silver pots. The multiple causes, enumerated above, were responsible for the decline of Harappan culture. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Correct: The Harappan cities had well planned system. River Indus might have changed its course and turned the region into a desert. Question 2. Several other images, weapons, utensils and tools of copper and bronze have also been found. ... Granaries were the store houses where the people of Indus valley civilization stored their extra grain. What were the probable causes which could have brought about an abrupt end to the Indus Valley Civilisation? Describe the Great Granary. Numerous smoke-stained clay figures of a female deity have been found. Sign up and receive the latest tips via email. The study of objects and artifacts found in the ruins of the Indus Valley cities help us us to form an idea of Harrapan religion. The Harappan cities had an elaborate drainage system. The main roads were straight and very wide. Rivers provided means of transport and communication. Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Lothal, Kalibangan, Ropar, Alamgirpur, Banwali, Sutkagendor and others. False. There was also crematorium as well as a great granary in Harappa. Prof D.D. Mohenjodaro (one of the major sites, near river Indus in Sindh) was discovered by R. D. Banerjee in 1922. They used to cultivate cotton and they wore the clothes made from cotton. Answer: The earliest civilisations grew up on the banks of rivers because of the following reasons. Question 8. They are in Pakistan at present. It includes every relationship which established among the people. How did the Harappan civilization end? A three faced figure, seated in a yogic posture and surrounded by various animals is engraved on some seals. The neem/banyan/pipal tree was probably regarded as sacred by the Harappans. Answer the following questions? There were no big places found while observation and historians guess that no king had ruled over there. Indeed their town-planning, social and religious life, the Lothal port, the unique art and architecture, artifacts and pottery have led everybody to look upon them with awe and admiration. Question 2. Smaller streets led to bigger streets. Stay connected with Kullabs. Yet, the change of course of the Indus is not reason enough for the decline in Lothal, Kalibangan, Rupar etc. Rich merchants and priests e. the ruling class. Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa. Explain. They grew wheat, barley, and pea. The arrangement of drains, wide roads and houses with toilets and drains attest to their sense of cleanliness. common interests and common objectives are not necessary for society. This civilization is supposed to have flourished between 2300 - 1750 BC. They had manholes at regular intervals. Wheat was the staple food. It measures 11 .-88 x 7.01 metres. Defeat and death of the Harapan people must have come at the hands of the invading Aryans. Describe the Great Bath. They were cleaned regularly.The Indus people were veiy conscious of hygiene and sanitation. Ans. All the buildings were built of burnt bricks. They were also engaged in other crafts like brick laying, boat making, stone cutting, masonry and carpentry. The progress made by human beings by establishing residence, housing, road, agriculture, cattle-rearing, art, education, dress, fooding, language, trade, ornament, etc. Excavation refers to find something having historical importance by digging on the ground. Where did the Mohenjo-Daro and Harappa are situated? The massive floods in the Indus must have been a potent cause for the extinction of the Harappan culture. The pipal tree was probably regarded as sacred by the Harappans. Areas of Harappan culture which were not invaded by the Aryans might have perished due to barbaric conflicts with rural and forest people. Fill in the blanks: Egyptian civilisation was born on the banks of the river _____. Spinning and weaving were important occupations. 2. Explain. After 1500 years of prominence, the Harappan culture gradually declined to the point of extinction. The pipal tree was probably regarded as sacred and worshiped. Besides this, the images of some goddesses were found in different places. Answer: The main occupation of the people of the Indus Valley was farming. It is an example of excellent engineering’work. to make their life happy, healthy and prosperous is known as civilization. The Egyptian Civilisation. Kosambi holds this view also. A three-faced figure with horns has been found sitting in the posture of a yogi. Identify the civilization from the ruins in the picture. Some houses were small and some were multi-storeyed. Answer: The bronzesmiths made tools, weapons and metal sculptures such as the famous figure of the ‘dancing girl’. When and by whom were these ruins discovered? Question 9. 4. What was it used for? Question 6. 3.These ruins are an important source of information about the (a) town planning and (b) drainage system of this period. Brick platforms have been found near the granaries which were used for threshing grain. Characteristics of a civilisation: Question 3. Wheat/Fish/Barley was the staple food of the Harappans. Thanks to archaeological efforts, we now know a lot about this oldest urban culture of India. Granaries were built close to river banks to facilitate easier transportation of grains during emergencies. Where has it been found? But they not used as office, trading place etc. This is because of the availability of fertile soil, sufficient water for drinking, irrigation, grass for the animals, etc. Harappa, Mohenjo-Daro, Kalibangan and other centres of Harappan culture were no exception. 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