Fresh root extract: 1 to 2 tablespoons daily. © 2013-2020 Reverso Technologies Inc. All rights reserved. The dried root and other parts of the plant are used in dietary supplements, such as capsules and extracts. Both plants carry similar flowers, which form into windborne seeds. The genus is taxonomically complex, with some botanists dividing the group into about 34 macrospecies, and about 2000 microspecies; about 235 apomictic and polyploid microspecies have been recorded in Great Britain and Ireland. While it is safe to pick dandelions from your own yard and use them, you should be sure to avoid areas where weed killer or pesticides have been sprayed and remember to wash thoroughly. As of May 2014[update], the first prototype test tires made with blends from dandelion-rubber are scheduled for testing on public roads over the next few years. Each serving of dandelion supplies a hearty dose of antioxidants, which can protect skin cells against damage to slow signs of aging and keep you looking (and feeling) your best. Traditional uses of the dandelion ranged from promoting better digestion to healing the liver. When development is complete, the mature seeds are attached to white, fluffy "parachutes" which easily detach from the seedhead and glide by wind, dispersing. The roots of the plant can be used in a wide array of dandelion recipes as well, but many choose to brew dandelion root into a tasty tea or soothing coffee substitute. For educational purposes only. It is a perennial herb with deeply cut leaves that form a basal rosette, somewhat similar to another family member, the wild lettuce, and has a thick tap root which is dark brown on the outside and white on the inside. Our team aims to be not only thorough with its research, but also objective and unbiased. , The species of Taraxacum are tap-rooted, perennial, herbaceous plants, native to temperate areas of the Northern Hemisphere. In fact, the origins of dandelion as a natural remedy can be traced all the way back to 659 B.C. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) is a great source of vitamin K, an important nutrient that plays a key role in bone health. Does your country use lots of pesticides? The entire plant, including the leaves, stems, flowers, and roots, is edible and nutritious. The dandelion seeds are then naturally dispersed by the wind … or those looking to score a free wish. Each achene is attached to a pappus of fine hair-like material which enables wind-aided dispersal over long distances. Interestingly enough, several studies show dandelion root may be useful in the prevention and treatment of cancer. Next time, think twice about whipping out the weed killer when you notice a yellow dandelion flower popping up in your yard and consider giving these nutritious plants a try instead to take advantage of the many potential dandelion benefits. Using modern cultivation methods and optimization techniques, scientists in the Fraunhofer Institute for Molecular Biology and Applied Ecology (IME) in Germany developed a cultivar that is suitable for commercial production of natural rubber. The Welsh (dant-y-llew), German (Löwenzahn), Norwegian (løvetann), Portuguese (dente de leão) and Spanish (diente de león) names mean the same as the French and the English names. The dandelion is the official flower of the University of Rochester in New York State, and "Dandelion Yellow" is one of the school's official colors. Please check with the appropriate physician regarding health questions and concerns. At Healthfully, we strive to deliver objective content that is accurate and up-to-date.  A 100 gram (3 1⁄2oz) reference amount supplies 45 calories. Contact dermatitis after handling has also been reported, probably from the latex in the stems and leaves.  Many Taraxacum species produce seeds asexually by apomixis, where the seeds are produced without pollination, resulting in offspring that are genetically identical to the parent plant. Dandelion root can be taken in supplement form or used to brew a hot cup of caffeine-free coffee or tea. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease. The Cherokee believed the root to be an alterative as well and made a tea of the plant (leaves and flowers) for calming purposes. They are still raw (collected them just today). However, the leaves of dandelions are smooth or glabrous, whereas those of catsears are coarsely hairy. // Leaf Group Lifestyle. In general, the leaves are 5–25 cm (2" to 10") long or longer, simple, lobed, and form a basal rosette above the central taproot. According to TCM, dandelion clears heat from the liver and has a beneficial effect on the stomach and lungs, and it can uplift the mood and support lactation. From filtering toxins to metabolizing drugs, the liver is essential to many aspects of health. Despite being considered little more than a weed by many, dandelion packs in some impressive health benefits. The latex produced exhibits the same quality as the natural rubber from rubber trees. If you decide to supplement with dandelion, make sure to look for a reputable brand with minimal added ingredients and fillers. The outer bracts are often reflexed downward, but remain appressed in plants of the sections Palustria and Spectabilia. Dr. Gargi Sharma, a Delhi-based Nutritionist, says, "Dandelion tea is rich in vitamin A, C and D. It contains high amounts of zinc, iron and magnesium."
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